Thucydides 3.39.6

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Thucydides 3.39.6

Post by stephenhoffman » Wed Jan 09, 2019 5:51 pm

Κολασθέντων ἀξίως τῆς ἀδικίας, Thucydides Book 3, chapter 39.

“Let them be punished in a manner befitting their crime” (Robert Foster Smith).

I have never seen a passive aorist genitive participle used like this to express “Let them….” Does anyone know of any grammatical explanation of this usage in Smyth or elsewhere?

Stephen Hoffman
Hunter College, CUNY

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Re: Thucydides 3.39.6

Post by Hylander » Wed Jan 09, 2019 6:00 pm

Κολασθέντων isn't a participle. It's the 3rd person plural imperative (aor. pass., as you note).

However, it's identical in form witih the gen. plur. masc./neut. of the participle.

The paradigm is at Smyth 383.3 (p. 118 in the hardbound HUP edition).

The on-line version is somewhat jumbled, but the aorist passive imperative is towards the bottom of the middle column at the end: ... 99.04.0007

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Barry Hofstetter
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Re: Thucydides 3.39.6

Post by Barry Hofstetter » Wed Jan 09, 2019 6:16 pm

And to be fair, the two forms are identical, and neither show up with a great deal of frequency... Oddly enough somebody asked the same question recently in the B-Greek forum, although different verb and different author.
N.E. Barry Hofstetter
The Jack M. Barrack Hebrew Academy
καὶ σὺ τὸ σὸν ποιήσεις κἀγὼ τὸ ἐμόν. ἆρον τὸ σὸν καὶ ὕπαγε.

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