Why is the Herodotus Histories Book1 called Clio? doh!

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davidpbrown
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Why is the Herodotus Histories Book1 called Clio? doh!

Post by davidpbrown » Sat Jun 22, 2019 9:11 pm

So, I'm a noob :) but I have enough sense before posting to hesitate, and avoid where possible obvious questions.. and this occasion found the answer just before posting!

I was going to ask..Why is the Herodotus Histories Book1 called Clio?..
so, for the benefit of any other who search and now find an easy answer..

It seems that the Books are simple named after the Muses.. which is a nice touch
> Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Euterpe (flutes and lyric poetry), Thalia (comedy and pastoral poetry), Melpomene (tragedy), Terpsichore (dance), Erato (love poetry), Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), and Urania (astronomy).

Now off to read them and see if the books match those topics.

8)

mwh
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Re: Why is the Herodotus Histories Book1 called Clio? doh!

Post by mwh » Sat Jun 22, 2019 10:32 pm

But why Clio specifically for history? I’ll let others answer.

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Paul Derouda
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Re: Why is the Herodotus Histories Book1 called Clio? doh!

Post by Paul Derouda » Mon Jun 24, 2019 7:46 pm

The names of the nine Muses first occur in Hesiod's Theogony, lines 76ff. The names were simply taken in order from there and given to Herodotus' books 1 to 9.

ἐννέα θυγατέρες μεγάλου Διὸς ἐκγεγαυῖαι,
Κλειώ τ᾽ Εὐτέρπη τε Θάλειά τε Μελπομέενη τε
Τερψιχόρη τ᾽ Ἐρατώ τε Πολύμνιά τ᾽ Οὐρανίη τε
Καλλιόπη θ᾽: ἣ δὲ προφερεστάτη ἐστὶν ἁπασέων.

You should note that the book division and the naming was done long after Herodotus was dead, probably by Alexandrian scholars.

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jeidsath
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Re: Why is the Herodotus Histories Book1 called Clio? doh!

Post by jeidsath » Mon Jun 24, 2019 9:12 pm

I think that mwh's point about Κλειώ was that the name was from κλείω = κλέω, "I tell of, make famous, celebrate".

No room for revisionism in Greek history.
Joel Eidsath -- jeidsath@gmail.com

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