Infinitives

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blutoonwithcarrotandnail
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Infinitives

Post by blutoonwithcarrotandnail » Fri Feb 15, 2008 7:33 pm

Three questions

1. The following verbs may have an infinitive as object, ex: Desedero,
Doceo.

Are these the only types of verbs which can have an Objective Infinitive?
It is specifically this class and only this class which has them, correct?

2. The complementary infinitive does not need a subject repeated.

This is like saying that the following sentence, 'Patriam amare debemus'
does not need the word Patriam repeated, correct?

3. The objective infinitive always has a subject in the accusative
case. This is like saying that the following sentence

'The farmer taught the slaves to work'

could not be

'The farmer taught work'

'The farmer taught work' is a grammatical example of something else.
It is not an objective infinitive - but a completementary infinitive.

Thanks.

ingrid70
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Post by ingrid70 » Sun Feb 17, 2008 11:52 am

1. There are many words that take the infinitive as object, usually to complete their meaning:

Such are verbs denoting to be able, dare , undertake, remember, forget, be accustomed, begin, continue, cease, hesitate, learn, know how, fear, and the like (A&G 456 - they call this a complementary infinitive)

2. Nope, patriam is the object, nos is the (implied) subject. With a complementary infinitive, the subject of the infinitive is the same as the subject of the finite verb, and is not expressed.

This is opposite to the accusativus cum infinitivo -construction, used a.o. in indirect speech, where the subject of the infinitive has to be expressed, even if it is the same: dixit se patriam amare - he said he loved his native land. (A&G 459)

3. this I don't follow.

Ingrid

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