The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

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bedwere
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The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Mon May 13, 2019 7:19 pm

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And now for something completely different! Friedrich A. Hayek (1899–1992), probably the most famous exponent of the Austrian school of economics, published The Road to Serfdom in 1944. It quickly became a classic on liberalism. From the abridgment of the Reader's Digest, a cartoon version was also created, a Latin and Greek version of which will be made available. Correction and positive criticism are welcome!

Cover 00


The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

an abridgment of the work of

Friedrich Hayek

Greek-Latin Edition


Via ad servitūtem picta

summārium operis

Friderīcī Hayek

Ēditiō Græcolatīna

Ἡ πρὸς δουλείαν ὁδὸς ἐν εἰκόσιν

ἐπιτομὴ τοῦ ἔργου

Φρεδερίχου Αἷεκ

Ἔκδοσις Ἑλληνορωμαϊκή
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by jeidsath » Mon May 13, 2019 8:04 pm

Is a serf a δοῦλος or servus? What about θής? (Εἵλως seems wrong). Or mancipium for the Latin?
Joel Eidsath -- jeidsath@gmail.com

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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by mwh » Mon May 13, 2019 8:14 pm

Ἡ πρὸς δουλείαν ὁδὸς ἐν εἴκοσιν
"in 20 <steps>"? :twisted:

i.e. correct the accent.

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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Mon May 13, 2019 8:42 pm

jeidsath wrote:
Mon May 13, 2019 8:04 pm
Is a serf a δοῦλος or servus? What about θής? (Εἵλως seems wrong). Or mancipium for the Latin?
I'd rather use common words and δοῦλος seems to be more common than θής. Same for servus vs. mancipium.
mwh wrote:
Mon May 13, 2019 8:14 pm
Ἡ πρὸς δουλείαν ὁδὸς ἐν εἴκοσιν
"in 20 <steps>"? :twisted:

i.e. correct the accent.
I stand corrected, thanks! Moreover there are only 18 steps.

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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Fri May 17, 2019 4:23 pm

Step 01
War forces national planning.
To permit total mobilization of your country’s economy, you gladly surrender many freedoms.


Propter bellum cōnsilia pūblica fīunt.
Ad patria arma īnstruenda et paranda, multa lībertātis jūra libenter cēdis.

Διὰ τὸν πόλεμον συνέδρια κοινὰ γίγνεται.
Τοῦ τὰ τῆς πατρίδος ὅπλα κατασκευάζεσθαι, ἡδέως παραχωρεῖς πολλὰ τῆς ἐλευθερίας δίκαια.

You know regimentation was forced by your country’s enemies.

Stay on the job. WPB

Scīs enim hujusmodī disciplīnam ob hostēs necessāriam esse.

Permanē in opere. C.B.P.*

Οἶσθα γὰρ τοιαύτην τὴν δίαιταν διὰ τοὺς πολεμίους ἀναγκαίαν οὖσαν.

Ἐπιμένει τῷ ἔργῳ. Ε.Π.Π.*

* The War Production Board (WPB) was an agency of the United States government that supervised war production during World War II.

* Collēgium ad Bellum Parandum, cujus sodālēs per secundum bellum mundānum fuērunt magistrātūs Cīvitātum Fœderātārum Americæ.

* Ἑταιρεία τοῦ τὸν Πόλεμον Παρασκευάζεσθαι, ἧσπερ ἑταῖροι διὰ τοῦ δευτέρου παγκόσμίου πολέμου ὑπῆρξαν δυνάσται τῶν Ἡνωμενῶν Ἀμερικῆς Πολιτειῶν.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Tue May 21, 2019 6:35 pm

Step 02

Many want the planning to stay

Arguments for a peace production board are heard before the war ends.

Multī volunt ista cōnsilia manēre.

Ante bellum fīnītum, argūmenta audiuntur prō collēgiō ad pācem parandam.

Πόλλοι βούλονται ταῦτα τὰ συνέδρια μένειν.

Πρὶν ἂν ὁ πόλεμος καταλυθῇ, πίσται ἀκούονται ὑπὲρ ἑταιρείας τοῦ τὴν εἰρήνην παρασκευάζεσθαι.

Wartime planners who want to stay in power, encourage the idea.

What’s good in war is good in peace!


Cōnsiliāriī autem in tempore bellī, cupidī perpetuæ potestātis, rem suādent.

Ūtile bellō idem ac pāce!

Οἱ δ' ἐπὶ τοῦ πολέμου σύμβουλοι, ἐπιθῡμοῦντες τῆς συνεχοῦς ἐξουσίας, ἐκεῖνο πείθουσιν.

Τὸ ἐν πολέμῳ χρηστὸν ταὐτὸ καὶ ἐν εἰρήνῃ.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Fri May 24, 2019 4:33 pm

Step 03

The planners promise Utopias.*

Cōnsiliāriī Ūtopiās* pollicentur.

Οἱ σύμβουλοι ὑπισχνοῦνται Οὐτοπίας.*


A rosy plan for farmers goes well in rural areas, a plan for industrial workers is popular in the
cities, and so on. Many new planners are elected to office.


Plan

Alterum bonā spē cōnsilium rūrī agricolīs placet. Alterum autem in urbibus opificibus grātum est, et cētera. Multī vērō novī cōnsiliāriī dēsignātī sunt

Cōnsilium

Τὸ μὲν ἕτερον εὔελπι βούλευμα ἐν ἀγρῷ ἀρέσκει τοῖς γεωργοῖς. Τὸ δ' ἕτερον ἐν ταῖς πόλεσι κεχάρισται τοῖς δημιουργοῖς, καὶ τὰ λοιπά. Πολλοὶ δὴ νέοι σύμβουλοι ᾕρηνται

Βούλευμα

* From the Greek not-a-place, title of the book written in 1561 by St. Thomas More, meaning a nearly perfect community or society.

* Ē Græcā nōn locus, īnscrīptiō librī annō MDLXI ā dīvō Thomā Mōrō scrīptī, significāns modo nōn perfectam societātem vel rem pūblicam quamdam.

* Ἀπὸ τοῦ οὐ τόπος, ἐπιγραφὴ οὖσα τοῦ βιβλίου τῷ ἔτει ͵ΑϠΞΑʹ ὑπὸ τοῦ ἁγίου Θωμᾶ Μώρου γραφέντος, σημαίνουσα ὅσον οὐ τελείαν κοινωνίαν ἢ πολιτείαν τινά.

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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Mon May 27, 2019 6:34 pm

Step 04

But they can’t agree on ONE Utopia

With peace, a new legislature meets; but “win the war” unity is gone.


Sed nōn possunt ūnī Ūtopiæ assentīrī.

Pāce cōnfectā, lēgislātōrēs quidem congregantur, nōn autem amplius quasi bellō ūnanimiter vīctūrī.

Ἀλλὰ οὐχ οἷοί τ' εἰσὶ συνομολογεῖν μίαν Οὐτοπίαν.

Ἐίρήνης δὲ γενομένης, οἱ μὲν νομοθέται συνάγονται, οὐκέτι δ' ὡς πολέμῳ ὁμοθῡμαδὸν κρατήσοντες.

The planners nearly come to blows. Each has his own pet plan, won’t budge.

Parumque abest quīn cōnsiliāriī alapīs invicem cædant. Ūnusquisque enim cōnsiliolum suum habēns nōn trānsiget.

Καὶ ὀλίγου δέουσιν οἱ σύμβουλοι ῥαπίσμασιν ἀλλήλους λαβεῖν. Ἕκαστος γὰρ τὸ αὑτοῦ βουλευμάτιον ἔχων οὐ μὴ διομολογήσεται.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Thu May 30, 2019 5:14 pm

Step 05

And citizens can’t agree either.

When the planners finally patch up a temporary plan months later, citizens in turn disagree.


Neque cīvēs possunt assentīrī.

Cum cōnsiliāriī longō post tempore cōnsilium temporārium quoddam composuerint, nunc vērō cīvēs discrepant.

Οὐδ' οἱ πολῖται οἷοί τ' εἰσὶ συνομολογεῖν.

Ἐπειδὴ οἱ σύμβουλοι πολὺν χρόνον διαλιπόντες συνέθηκαν βούλευμα πρόσκαιρόν τι, νῦν μὴν οἱ πολῖται διαφωνοῦσιν.

What the farmer likes, the factory worker doesn’t like.

New national plan


Quæ enim agricolīs placent, ea opificibus displicent.

Novum cōnsilium pūblicum.

Ὅσα γὰρ ἀρέσκει τοῖς γεωργοῖς, τοσαῦτα ἀπαρέσκει τοῖς δημιουργοῖς.

Καινὸν βούλευμα κοινόν.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Wed Jun 05, 2019 3:50 pm

Step 06

The planners hate to force agreement

Cōnsiliāriī gravantur cōnsēnsum per vim efficere.

Οἱ σύμβουλοι δυσχεραίνουσιν ὁμολογίαν βιάζεσθαι.


Most national planners are well-meaning idealists, balk at any use of force.

Plērīque ē cōnsiliāriīs pūblicīs, cum somniantēs benevolī sint, nōlunt vim alicui īnferre.

Οἱ δὲ πλεῖστοι τῶν κοινῶν συμβούλων ὀνειροπόλοι εὔνοοι ὄντες οὐ μὲν βούλονται οὐδένα βιάζεσθαι.

They hope for some miracle of public agreement as to their patchwork plan.

Spērant autem dīvīnitus quōdammodo plēbem cōnsiliō compositō eōrum assēnsūram essem.

Ἐλπίζουσι δὲ θείως πως τὸν δῆμον συνομολογήσειν τὸ σύνθετον βούλευμα αὐτῶν.

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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Thu Jun 13, 2019 12:55 pm

Step 07


They try to “sell” the plan to all…

Cōnantur igitur cōnsilium omnibus probarī.

Πειρῶνται οὖν ὅπως πάντες ἀποδέχωνται τὸ βούλευμα.


In an unsuccessful effort to educate people to uniform views, planners establish a giant propaganda machine, which coming dictator will find handy.

Cōnsiliāriī, vānē studentēs īnstituendō hominēs ad ūnam sententiam, sibi parant immēnsam prædicātiōnem, quæ adventūrō dictātōrī ūtilis erit.

Οἱ γὰρ σύμβουλοι, ματαίως σπουδάζοντες παιδεῦσαι τοὺς ἀνθρώπους εἰς μίαν γνώμην, παρασκευάζονται κήρυξιν ὑπερμεγέθη, ἥ γε τῷ ἐπιόντι τυράννῳ χρησίμη ἔσται.

propaganda

controlled media


præcōnium

media* in potestāte

κήρυγμα

μέσα* κρατούμενα


* Technologies for mass-communication of letters, images, sounds etc., being in some sense in the middle.

* Artēs mēchanicæ commūnicandō cum vulgō litterās, imāginēs, sonōs etc, cum ipsæ quōdammodo in mediō sint.

* Τέχναι μηχανικαὶ τοῦ μεταδιδόναι τοῖς πολλοῖς γραμμάτων, εἰκόνων, ἤχων κ.τ.λ., αὐταὶ οὖσαί πως ἐν μέσῳ.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Sun Jun 16, 2019 6:42 pm

Step 08


The gullible do find agreement.

Facilēs dēceptū vērō assentiuntur.

Οἱ εὐεξαπάτητοι συνομολογοῦσι δή.


Meanwhile, growing national confusion leads to protest meetings.

Intereā, perturbātiōne populī crēscente, sequuntur sēditiōnēs.

Ἐν τῷ μεταξύ, τῆς τοῦ δήμου ταραχῆς αὐξανομένης, ἕπονται στάσεις.

The least educated, thrilled and convinced by fiery oratory, form a party.

Nam indoctī, cum sibi persuāsum sit ā validissimīs dīcendī, cōnstituunt sē in factiōnem.

Οἱ γὰρ ἀπαίδευτοι, ἐκπεπεισμένοι ὑπὸ τῶν δεινοτάτων λέγειν, συνίστανται εἰς μερίδα.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Tue Jun 25, 2019 1:34 am

Step 09

Confidence in planners fades

Fidēs in cōnsiliāriīs dēficit.

Ἡ ἐν τοῖς συμβούλοις πίστις ἐκλείπει.


The more that the planners improvise, the greater the disturbance to normal business.

Nam quantō magis cōnsiliāriī māchinantur, tantō magis rēs commoventur.

Ὅσῳ γὰρ μᾶλλον οἱ σύμβουλοι μηχανῶνται, τοσούτῳ μᾶλλον τὰ πράγματα ταράττεται.

Everybody suffers. People now feel--rightly--that planners can’t get things done!

Itaque omnēs labōrant. Nunc autem hominēs nōn putant, et rēctē, cōnsiliāriōs mūnera perficere posse.

Ὥστε πάντες κάμνουσιν. Νῦν δ' οἱ ἄνθρωποι οὐκ οἴονται, καὶ ὀρθῶς, τοὺς συμβούλους δύνασθαι τὰ ἔργα διαπρᾶξαι.

Let’s get a man who can make a plan work!

Ēligātur qui possit cōnsilium captum perficere.

Αἱρεθήτω ὁ δυνάμενος ποιεῖν ἃ ἐβουλεύσατο.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Fri Jun 28, 2019 5:03 pm

Step 10

The strong man is given power.

Imperium dictātōrī dēfertur.

῾Η ἀρχὴ παραδίδοται τῷ τυράννῳ.


In desperation, planners authorize the new party leader to hammer out a plan and force its obedience.

Cōnsiliāriī ergō, ad angustiās dētrūsī, potestātem dant novæ factiōnis ducī, cōnsiliō compositō, obœdientem reddendī plēbem.

Οἱ οὖν σύμβουλοι ἀποροῦντες ἐξουσίαν διδόασι τῷ τῆς νέας μερίδος ἡγεμόνι, συνθέντι βούλευμα, πειθομένον παρέχειν τὸν δῆμον.

Later, they’ll dispense with him, or so they think.

Posteā vērō, sīc enim arbitrantur, remittent eum.

Ἔπειτα δή, οὕτως γὰρ ἡγοῦνται, ἀναπέμψουσιν αὐτόν.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Tue Jul 02, 2019 10:51 pm

Step 11

The party takes over the country.

Factiō imperium in patriam obtinet.

Ἡ μερὶς κρατεῖ τῆς πατρίδος.


By now, confusion is so great that obedience to the new leader must be obtained at all costs.

Nunc vērō tanta perturbātiō est ut plēbs novō ducī obœdiēns omnī modō reddenda sit.

Νῦν δὴ τοσαύτη ταραχή ἐστιν ὥστε παντὶ τρόπῳ δεῖν τὸν δῆμον παρέχεσθαι πειθομένον τῷ νέῳ ἡγεμόνι.

Maybe you join the party yourself to aid national unity.

Forte autem ipse factiōnem sequeris ut plēbs ūnīus voluntātis fīat.

Τάχα δ' αὐτὸς αἱροῦ τὴν μερίδα ἵνα ὁ δῆμος μιᾶς γνώμης γίγνηται.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Mon Jul 08, 2019 5:01 pm

Step 12


A negative aim welds party unity.

Prōpositum adversārium quoddam factiōnem conciliat.

Προαίρεσις ἐναντία τις εἰς ὁμόνοιαν ἄγει τὴν μερίδα.


Early step of all dictators is to inflame the majority in common cause against some scapegoat minority.

Prius enim omnēs dictātōrēs īnstīgant plērōsque commūniter adversārī pauciōribus ut piāculō cuidam.

Πρότερον γὰρ πάντες οἱ τύραννοι παροξύνουσι τοὺς πολλοὺς κοινοπρᾱγεῖν ἐναντίον τῶν ὀλίγων ὡς καθάρματός τινος.

In Germany, the negative aim was Anti-Semitism.

In Germāniā vērō prōpositum Jūdæīs adversārium fuit.

Ἐν δὴ τῇ Γερμανίᾳ ἡ προαίρεσις ἔτυχεν ἐναντία τῶν Ἰουδαίων οὗσα.
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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Fri Jul 12, 2019 4:38 pm

Step 13

No one opposes the leader’s plan.

Nēmō sē oppōnit ducis cōnsiliō.

Οὐδεὶς ἀντιτάσσεται τῇ τοῦ ἡγεμόνος βουλῇ.


It would be suicide; new secret police are ruthless.

Etenim pereās, cum agentēs in rēbus trucēs sint.

Καὶ γὰρ ἂν ἀπολλύοιο, τῶν τῆς κρυπτείας φονικῶν ὄντων.

Ability to force obedience always becomes the No. 1 virtue in the “planned state.”

Vīs autem obœdientem reddendī plēbem semper fit virtūs maxima in cīvitāte quæ secundum cōnsilium administrātur.

Ἡ δὲ δεινότης τοῦ πειθομένον παρέχειν τὸν δῆμον ἀεὶ γίγνεται ἀρετὴ μεγίστη ἐν πολιτείᾳ τῇ κατὰ βουλὴν διοικουμένῃ.

Now all freedom is gone.

Itaque tota libertas amissa est.

Ὥστε ὅλη ἡ ἐλευθερία ἀποβέβληται.

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Re: The Road to Serfdom in Cartoons

Post by bedwere » Fri Jul 19, 2019 4:52 pm

Step 14

Your profession is planned.

Opera tua secundum cōnsilium administrātur.

Ἡ ἐργασία σου κατὰ βουλὴν διοικεῖται.


The wider job choice promised by now defunct planners turns out to be a tragic farce.

Ex enim optiōne plūrium operārum ā cōnsiliāriīs dēfūnctīs prōmissā, mīmus horribilis ēvādit.

Ἁπὸ γὰρ τῆς αἱρέσεως πλειόνων ἐργασιῶν ἥνπερ σύμβουλοι οἱ ἀπηλλαγμένοι ὑπέσχοντο, μῖμος φοβερός τις ἀποβαίνει.

Planners have never delivered, never will be able to.

Cōnsiliāriī igitur numquam reddidērunt, neque umquam poterunt.

Οἱ τοίνυν σύμβουλοι οὔποτε ἀπέδωκαν, ουδέποτε οἷοι τ' ἔσονται.

But I’m not a carpenter, I’m a plumber.

Vērumtamen nōn sum lignārius, sed plumbārius!

Πλὴν οὐκ εἰμὶ ξυλουργός, ἀλλὰ μολυβδουργός.

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