predicate nominative?

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bacon
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predicate nominative?

Post by bacon » Mon Dec 12, 2005 3:51 am

Jn 1:14 και ο λογος σαÏ￾ξ εγενετο...
I would have thought that σαÏ￾ξ would be in the accusative case, σαÏ￾κα. Is this because the verb γινομαι takes a predicate nominative(pn)? Assuming the answer is yes... Is this because one of the meanings of γινομαι is "I am"? What other verbs besides ειμι take a pn and does a lexicon indicate if a verb does so? If a verb takes a pn in one tense will it do so in all tenses?
Thanks.

Bert
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Post by Bert » Tue Dec 13, 2005 12:58 am

Yes. gi/nomai takes a pn. Verbs that take a pn are mostly linking verbs. These verbs don't indicate any action toward an object but link the subject with another substantive that tells you some more about the subject.
They CAN take a pn in any tense but that does not mean that always do.
gi/nomai can be followed by dative or genitive. u(pa/rxw can take and genitive or accusative. At least some lexicons will tell you. Middle Liddell tells you when it takes a pn or when it takes another case.
The passive voice of kale/w can also take a pn.

bacon
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Post by bacon » Sun Dec 18, 2005 12:52 am

Thanks, Bert
By the way, what is "Middle Liddell"? I have Liddell and Scott abridged.

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