κλύω as a present verb

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cramberepetita
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κλύω as a present verb

Post by cramberepetita » Sun Jan 29, 2017 5:36 pm

I was wondering if anyone knew of the earliest attestation of κλύω 'hear' as a present.
The original verb is a root aorist (thematic κλύον/ἔκλυον = Skt. śruvam, innovated from a still older athematic aorist, as in imperative κλῦθι = Skt. śrudhi - Sanskrit seems to have gone through the same development independently), from the PIE root *ḱleu-; but a present κλύω was built on it in the same way that for instance κίω 'go' was founded on aorist κίον/ἔκιον or ἠμί 'say' on ἦ ('said he').
I'm just trying to determine if unambiguously present forms already occur in Homer, or, if not, when and in what author(s).

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Paul Derouda
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Re: κλύω as a present verb

Post by Paul Derouda » Sun Jan 29, 2017 6:31 pm

According to the entry on κλυεῖν, κλὐω in the Necronomic... um I mean the Lexikon des Frühgriechischen Epos, the only attestation in Early Epic of the present is Hesiod's Work and Days line 726 οὐ γὰρ τοί γε κλύουσιν, ἀποπτύουσι δέ τ᾽ ἀράς.

So that must be the earliest attestation.

cramberepetita
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Re: κλύω as a present verb

Post by cramberepetita » Sun Jan 29, 2017 7:09 pm

Thank you very much! That's exactly what I was looking for.

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Paul Derouda
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Re: κλύω as a present verb

Post by Paul Derouda » Sun Jan 29, 2017 7:15 pm

As you probably now, it's a subject of debate whether Homer or Hesiod is earlier. "Traditionally" Homer is the oldest, but M.L. West was among those who considered Hesiod earlier.

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