Help to translate

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testsuda
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Help to translate

Post by testsuda » Sun Apr 05, 2015 2:53 pm

Dear all,

Cause I have just begun ancient Greek self-study, so I got some puzzled, please kindly help me a little bit
. I learn the book A reading course in Homeric Greek of Raymond Schoder. I tried many times but still not get the meaning of this below proverb:

ομοιον εστιν ομοιω φιλον

My word analysis is as below

ομοιoν = acc, like to - similar to [+dat]
εστιν = verb, be
ομοιω = dat, like to - similar to
φιλον = acc, friend [friendly]

quite confused for me, please give a hand

Sincerely yours,

Huynh Trong Khanh

Markos
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Re: Help to translate

Post by Markos » Mon Apr 06, 2015 6:30 pm

φίλος also takes the dative. "A similar thing is dear to a similar thing." Like likes like. It's not opposites that attract, but things that are similar to each other.

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Paul Derouda
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Re: Help to translate

Post by Paul Derouda » Mon Apr 06, 2015 6:49 pm

Markos already nailed it, but just one more addition: ομοιoν is not accusative but neuter nominative, "a thing that is similar".

testsuda
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Re: Help to translate

Post by testsuda » Tue Apr 07, 2015 3:02 am

Thanks so much Paul and Markos!

Althought the grammatical meaning of the sentence is clear. But its thought's still quite far from my thinking-way, cause I am a Vietnamese. "A similar thing is dear to a similar thing" will be a strange speaking way in my native language.

However, in Vietnamese, we have a similar proverb: "Buffalo seeks buffalo, horse seeks horse"

Thanks again

Huynh Trong Khanh

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