3rd person personal pronoun

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3rd person personal pronoun

Post by Bert » Sun Mar 26, 2006 3:15 am

There is no nominative form for the third person personal pronoun.
By the time that α?τός developed into a personal pronoun, it gets used at times in the nominative to emphasize the subject or to indicate the gender of the subject.
In Homeric Greek, does the subject get expressed to do this, or does α?τός as intensive pronoun get used for this.

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Post by Skylax » Sun Mar 26, 2006 3:38 pm

According to Chantraine's Homeric Grammar, there is no difference here between Homeric and Classical Greek : α?τός can be "strong" or "weak". When "strong", α?τός is emphatic, underlining either an opposition ("he, not another") or the identity ("he, yes, the same person"). In a weakened meaning, α?τός "plays the part" of a 3rd person personal pronoun, even in the nominative, but of course it is not compulsory.

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