3rd person personal pronoun

Are you reading Homeric Greek? Whether you are a total beginner or an advanced Homerist, here you can meet kindred spirits. Besides Homer, use this board for all things early Greek poetry.
Post Reply
Bert
Textkit Zealot
Posts: 1890
Joined: Sat May 31, 2003 2:28 am
Location: Arthur Ontario Canada

3rd person personal pronoun

Post by Bert » Sun Mar 26, 2006 3:15 am

There is no nominative form for the third person personal pronoun.
By the time that αá½￾τός developed into a personal pronoun, it gets used at times in the nominative to emphasize the subject or to indicate the gender of the subject.
In Homeric Greek, does the subject get expressed to do this, or does αá½￾τός as intensive pronoun get used for this.

User avatar
Skylax
Textkit Enthusiast
Posts: 672
Joined: Fri Jun 06, 2003 8:18 am
Location: Belgium

Post by Skylax » Sun Mar 26, 2006 3:38 pm

According to Chantraine's Homeric Grammar, there is no difference here between Homeric and Classical Greek : αá½￾τός can be "strong" or "weak". When "strong", αá½￾τός is emphatic, underlining either an opposition ("he, not another") or the identity ("he, yes, the same person"). In a weakened meaning, αá½￾τός "plays the part" of a 3rd person personal pronoun, even in the nominative, but of course it is not compulsory.

Post Reply