iterative e)/ske in Iliad 3:180

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iterative e)/ske in Iliad 3:180

Post by Bert » Mon Sep 05, 2005 4:37 pm

dah\r au)=t' e)mo\j e)/ske kunw/pidoj, ei)/ pot' e)/hn ge.

I can't seem to translate the iterative e)/ske iteratively (is that a word?)

Isn't iterative characterized by repeated action?
I can understand 'he used to be' or 'he was' but not 'he was again and again.'
Is there another aspect indicated by an iterative ending?

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Post by Paul » Mon Sep 05, 2005 6:32 pm

Hi Bert,

The IE suffix -sk- had several meanings including desiderative, inchoative, iterative, and causative. Its desiderative meaning likely developed into a 'customary' meaning, e.g. from wanting or intending to do something to being accustomed to doing it.

Hence in Ionic it develops into an imperfect able to express not only iteration, but continuation.



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