Movable ν

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Asterisk1234
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Movable ν

Post by Asterisk1234 » Sat Jul 27, 2019 9:18 pm

Mastronarde -Unit 17, exercise III, no 5-

The answer key gives:
"τον θηρα υδωρ αιτουσι τοισ γαρ ανθρωποις εστιν τροπον τινα φιλιος."
Why the "ν" in εστιν? The following word does not start with a vowel, and the verb is not at the end of a clause, nor (as far as I can tell) is the sentence in verse. So why the "nu movable"?

Thanks.

ariphron
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Re: Movable ν

Post by ariphron » Sun Jul 28, 2019 11:39 am

Does it make any difference? I habitually pronounce the enclitic ἐστίν with the νυ before a pause; another person will have a different habit; it won't interfere with comprehension.

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jeidsath
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Re: Movable ν

Post by jeidsath » Sun Jul 28, 2019 2:34 pm

But you aren’t an ancient greek, and modern habits are unlikely to help us in figuring out ancient meters, where moveable nu often matters.
Joel Eidsath -- jeidsath@gmail.com

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wilberfloss
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Re: Movable ν

Post by wilberfloss » Sun Jul 28, 2019 7:59 pm

The Cambridge Grammar - 1.39, note 1 - states that movable nu is sometimes written before a consonant in prose.
Why? The sound of the sentence to the author's ear, perhaps?

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jeidsath
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Re: Movable ν

Post by jeidsath » Sun Jul 28, 2019 8:21 pm

According to Allen, the more "official" and less "popular" an inscription, the more it tends to indicate hiatus. Hiatus and the addition of moveable nu could both point to deliberate speech. But I've never really noticed much rhyme or reason to the exceptions to the normal rules while reading OCT texts. Outside inscriptions, who knows how much is original anyway? I'll see if I can find something in Kühner.
Joel Eidsath -- jeidsath@gmail.com

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