Archanians 30 κέχηνα perfect in form, present in meaning?

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Archanians 30 κέχηνα perfect in form, present in meaning?

Post by ἑκηβόλος » Thu Jan 25, 2018 6:39 am

στένω κέχηνα σκορδινῶμαι πέρδομαι,
1. Is Aristophanes treating κέχηνα as a verb like ἕστηκα and ὄδωδα, perfect in form and present in sense?
2. If 1. is yes, I that the regular usage?
3. If 2. is no, then is he here saying, "I sit / stand with my mouth gaping open" = "I give a really big (10 second) yawn"?
Thou wast not born for death, immortal Bird!
No hungry generations tread thee down;
The voice I hear this passing night was heard
In ancient days by emperor and clown:
(Keats, Ode to a nightingale, 1819).

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Re: Archanians 30 κέχηνα perfect in form, present in meaning

Post by anphph » Thu Jan 25, 2018 11:47 am

The usual force of the perfect is a present consequence of a past action. χάσκειν means "to open one's mouth", the present consequence of having opened one's mouth in the past is having one's mouth open (now).

Edit: For what it matters, both the instances in LSJ of χάσκειν as "yawning from weariness, ennui, or inattention" function with the present stem.

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