What verb does ὑπο go with here? Lysias 1.11

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Phoebus Apollo
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What verb does ὑπο go with here? Lysias 1.11

Post by Phoebus Apollo » Wed Dec 27, 2017 11:05 am

προϊόντος δὲ τοῦ χρόνου, ὦ ἄνδρες, ἧκον μὲν ἀπροσδοκήτως ἐξ ἀγροῦ, μετὰ δὲ τὸ δεῖπνον τὸ παιδίον ἐβόα καὶ ἐδυσκόλαινεν ὑπὸ τῆς θεραπαίνης ἐπίτηδες λυπούμενον, ἵνα ταῦτα ποιῇ: ὁ γὰρ ἄνθρωπος ἔνδον ἦν

It seems to me to go with the participle λυπούμενον - 'it was irritated, being distressed (better: 'because it was being distressed') on purpose by the maid'; ie ὑπο + gen to express agent with a passive participle.

I'm not sure though if it actually might go with ἐδυσκολαινεν, and, if so, I guess it would have to be translated as 'was irritated because of the maid, being distressed on purpose'.

I know ultimately it doesn't make much difference, but help would be appreciated!

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jeidsath
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Re: What verb does ὑπο go with here? Lysias 1.11

Post by jeidsath » Wed Dec 27, 2017 3:57 pm

I think that ὑπὸ τῆς θεραπαίνης ἐπίτηδες λυπούμενον all goes together, as in your first suggestion.
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Phoebus Apollo
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Re: What verb does ὑπο go with here? Lysias 1.11

Post by Phoebus Apollo » Wed Dec 27, 2017 4:12 pm

jeidsath wrote:I think that ὑπὸ τῆς θεραπαίνης ἐπίτηδες λυπούμενον all goes together, as in your first suggestion.
Thanks!

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Re: What verb does ὑπο go with here? Lysias 1.11

Post by Barry Hofstetter » Wed Dec 27, 2017 4:18 pm

jeidsath wrote:I think that ὑπὸ τῆς θεραπαίνης ἐπίτηδες λυπούμενον all goes together, as in your first suggestion.
Agreed. ὑπό used of agency with the passive makes it almost impossible here to take it any other way, and clues the reader that λυπούμενον is certainly understood as a passive here. "Because of the maid" would probably be διὰ τὴν θερἀπαιναν...
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Re: What verb does ὑπο go with here? Lysias 1.11

Post by Phoebus Apollo » Thu Dec 28, 2017 5:32 pm

Barry Hofstetter wrote:
jeidsath wrote:I think that ὑπὸ τῆς θεραπαίνης ἐπίτηδες λυπούμενον all goes together, as in your first suggestion.
Agreed. ὑπό used of agency with the passive makes it almost impossible here to take it any other way, and clues the reader that λυπούμενον is certainly understood as a passive here. "Because of the maid" would probably be διὰ τὴν θερἀπαιναν...
thank you

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