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by Paul Derouda
Tue Jul 16, 2019 9:19 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 119-140
Replies: 29
Views: 713

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 119-140

αυτη "female battle cry” - that’s definitely to the point here, I hadn’t thought about it that way before. There is definitely a sense of danger here, Artemis roaming around with her nymphs (as suggested by the preceding simile) should definitely inspire awe in mortals, even a hero like Odysseus. Bu...
by Paul Derouda
Tue Jul 09, 2019 10:30 pm
Forum: Civilization and Culture of the Greeks and Romans
Topic: Can anyone recommend a good old sword-and-sandal movie?
Replies: 7
Views: 545

Re: Can anyone recommend a good old sword-and-sandal movie?

I think Julius Caesar and Trojan horse are definitely worth a try. There's the added difficulty that I need to find the films with Finnish subtitles. I must look into Oedipus Rex and A funny thing happened on the way to the forum as well, if not for the kids, at least for myself... I've seen Ben Hur...
by Paul Derouda
Tue Jul 09, 2019 8:24 pm
Forum: Civilization and Culture of the Greeks and Romans
Topic: Can anyone recommend a good old sword-and-sandal movie?
Replies: 7
Views: 545

Can anyone recommend a good old sword-and-sandal movie?

We often watch older films with my kids (7 and 9 years), because they are less hectic - less violence, less action, more dialogue. Hitchcock (though not Psycho yet!), old French comedies, sword-and-sandal films etc. The problem (my problem, perhaps – it doesn't seem to bother my kids and wife so muc...
by Paul Derouda
Mon Jul 08, 2019 11:14 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118
Replies: 26
Views: 1255

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118

So, to sum up, κάπρος occurs 15 times in the early hexameter corpus; in 7 instances it refers to a domestic (?) male boar, every time in the context of sacrifice, except once in Hesiod (WD 790, not 690 like I said earlier), where we're dealing with castration. The combination σῦς κάπρος occurs 3 tim...
by Paul Derouda
Mon Jul 08, 2019 9:50 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118
Replies: 26
Views: 1255

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118

Should we imagine then that Greeks occasionally kept wild boars in captivity, perhaps mostly for sacrificial banquets? I know that wild boars are raised in captivity for example in France for their meat, but I don't know how old the practice is (I don't know much about farmkeeping). I don't know ab...
by Paul Derouda
Mon Jul 08, 2019 4:20 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118
Replies: 26
Views: 1255

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118

Should we imagine then that Greeks occasionally kept wild boars in captivity, perhaps mostly for sacrificial banquets? I know that wild boars are raised in captivity for example in France for their meat, but I don't know how old the practice is (I don't know much about farmkeeping).
by Paul Derouda
Mon Jul 08, 2019 4:11 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118
Replies: 26
Views: 1255

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118

(Fitzgerald's "chasing the mountain goats" is a grotesque misunderstanding of τερπομένη κάπροισι, "delighting in boars," which she sends against those who displease her. And Sean we can't go defining Homeric words by reference to English translation of them!) Fitzgerald got it wrong. Imagine that. ...
by Paul Derouda
Sun Jul 07, 2019 11:34 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118
Replies: 26
Views: 1255

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118

My first reaction was the same as mwh's, namely that καπρος/καπριος further defines συς/ὑς as a wild boar. But although I didn't mention it, I actually checked LfgrE, which gives two sub-meanings for καπρος: 1) wild boar, 2) domestic, and cites several examples for the second meaning, all passages b...
by Paul Derouda
Sun Jul 07, 2019 7:17 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118
Replies: 26
Views: 1255

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 93-118

I think Fitzgerald is just mixing up with Latin and/or other languages. But it's interesting why κάπρος is so often used with together with the word ὗς/σῦς; I have no answer to that. The easiest solution is of course "for metrical reasons", but I wonder if there's more.
by Paul Derouda
Wed Jul 03, 2019 6:09 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 71-92
Replies: 37
Views: 1327

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 71-92

mwh I respect your opinion but I disagree. I don't think its as clear cut as you present it. In the present passage we have "δμώς" which is generally translated as a slave. As there is no evidence in the text (I stand ready to be corrected) that what some call "slaves" were in fact "free people" I ...
by Paul Derouda
Tue Jul 02, 2019 9:21 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 71-92
Replies: 37
Views: 1327

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 71-92

As I have said before I find this passage amusing and a parody of heroic action. 3.475-481 is a parallel passage describing the departure of Telemachus from Nestor's palace to Sparta. “παῖδες ἐμοί, ἄγε Τηλεμάχῳ καλλίτριχας ἵππους ζεύξαθ᾿ ὑφ᾿ ἅρματ᾿ ἄγοντες, ἵνα πρήσσῃσιν ὁδοῖο.” ὣς ἔφαθ᾿, οἱ δ᾿ ἄρα...
by Paul Derouda
Tue Jul 02, 2019 8:52 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 71-92
Replies: 37
Views: 1327

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 71-92

I happen to have the first three volumes of Pontani's scholiae. My plan was to learn how to study them, but until now I've had little success and even less time for it. Like Sean, I still at a loss as to what on "earth I'm supposed to do Homeric scholia". But unlike him, I also have physical artefac...
by Paul Derouda
Thu Jun 27, 2019 8:47 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70
Replies: 44
Views: 2009

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70

Here are some translations of 66-67. “So she coaxed, too shy to touch on her hopes for marriage, young warm hopes , in her father’s presence” - Fagles “So she spoke, but she was ashamed to speak of her joyful marriage to her dear father” - Lattimore “She had no word to say of her own wedding, thoug...
by Paul Derouda
Tue Jun 25, 2019 4:21 am
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70
Replies: 44
Views: 2009

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70

We don't know what kind of man she's imagining who sets her heart aflutter but from this point we know that her wedding isn't just for propriety's sake. There is love, or at the very least puppy love, at stake too. I think the reader can't help imagining the 'meet cute' once we know this. Whether s...
by Paul Derouda
Tue Jun 25, 2019 4:02 am
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70
Replies: 44
Views: 2009

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70

seanjonesbw wrote:
Mon Jun 24, 2019 8:59 pm
perhaps I would benefit from something more academic.
Really, all I meant was that some kind introduction would be helpful before engaging that book.
by Paul Derouda
Mon Jun 24, 2019 8:15 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70
Replies: 44
Views: 2009

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70

I believe I also read Nagler's book some years ago on mwh's recommendation. I agree it was an eye-opening book (If I'm thinking about the right book that is :wink:). I think you only need to read like the first half to get the idea, after which it becomes increasingly repetitive and/or hard to follo...
by Paul Derouda
Mon Jun 24, 2019 7:46 pm
Forum: Open Board
Topic: Why is the Herodotus Histories Book1 called Clio? doh!
Replies: 3
Views: 285

Re: Why is the Herodotus Histories Book1 called Clio? doh!

The names of the nine Muses first occur in Hesiod's Theogony, lines 76ff. The names were simply taken in order from there and given to Herodotus' books 1 to 9. ἐννέα θυγατέρες μεγάλου Διὸς ἐκγεγαυῖαι, Κλειώ τ᾽ Εὐτέρπη τε Θάλειά τε Μελπομέενη τε Τερψιχόρη τ᾽ Ἐρατώ τε Πολύμνιά τ᾽ Οὐρανίη τε Καλλιόπη θ...
by Paul Derouda
Sun Jun 23, 2019 9:09 am
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70
Replies: 44
Views: 2009

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70

Syntactically it’s ok, but semantically I don’t know. ἀρα means ”as you would only expect”.
by Paul Derouda
Sun Jun 23, 2019 7:39 am
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70
Replies: 44
Views: 2009

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 48-70

I still don’t quite understand Witte’s idea why the 4th foot needs to be joined to the 5th (thus preventing the bucolic diaresis, if you like). Bucolic diaresis seems to be compatible with the feminine caesura, so what constraints would there be in this verse to make it necessary to join the 4th foo...
by Paul Derouda
Mon Jun 17, 2019 1:29 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 24-47
Replies: 31
Views: 1539

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 24-47

In any event I agree with mwh that to look for realism in Homer is to miss the point. I agree, and that was the whole point of my post, but I thought you would sort of read it between the lines... :) Talking about no running water in the city, I should have known that it's not a good argument. Defe...
by Paul Derouda
Sun Jun 16, 2019 8:01 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 24-47
Replies: 31
Views: 1539

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 24-47

So my question this week is: Do you think the poet creates a convincing-enough impetus for Nausikaa to go and wash her own clothes as soon as she wakes up through this dream sequence? No. It really seems like a pretext. Why would the princess need to go wash her clothes herself? And how is it possi...
by Paul Derouda
Sun Jun 16, 2019 7:56 pm
Forum: Learning Greek
Topic: Herodotus 3.134
Replies: 3
Views: 305

Re: Herodotus 3.134

Thanks. I wanted to make sure, as I was uncertain about this.
by Paul Derouda
Sun Jun 16, 2019 9:57 am
Forum: Learning Greek
Topic: Herodotus 3.134
Replies: 3
Views: 305

Herodotus 3.134

ὡς δὲ ἄρα μιν μετὰ ταῦτα ἰώμενος ὑγιέα ἀπέδεξε, ἐνθαῦτα δὴ διδαχθεῖσα ὑπὸ τοῦ Δημοκήδεος ἡ Ἄτοσσα προσέφερε ἐν τῇ κοίτῃ Δαρείῳ λόγον τοιόνδε. ‘ὦ βασιλεῦ, ἔχων δύναμιν τοσαύτην κάτησαι, οὔτε τι ἔθνος προσκτώμενος οὔτε δύναμιν Πέρσῃσι. [2] οἰκὸς δὲ ἐστὶ ἄνδρα καὶ νέον καὶ χρημάτων μεγάλων δεσπότην φα...
by Paul Derouda
Thu Jun 13, 2019 4:23 pm
Forum: Learning Greek
Topic: Herodotus 3.53 and the sematics of διδαχθεῖσα
Replies: 12
Views: 1540

Re: Herodotus 3.53 and the sematics of διδαχθεῖσα

At the very last moment while saying goodby to his grandchildren (ἐπείτε δὲ σφέας ἀπεπέμπετο, εἶπε προπέμπων αὐτούς. ), he poses the fateful question. The younger one, Lycophron, understands at once: ἤλγησε ἀκούσας, the aorist here expressing in my view the instantaneous pain and insight on hearing...
by Paul Derouda
Thu Jun 13, 2019 3:12 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36
Replies: 9
Views: 502

Re: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36

seanjonesbw wrote:
Wed Jun 12, 2019 9:24 pm
(unless you're also making a distinction between long and heavy?).
No, I used the word "heavy" because "long" is ambiguous as to whether syllable length or vowel length is meant.
by Paul Derouda
Wed Jun 12, 2019 8:46 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36
Replies: 9
Views: 502

Re: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36

with the ἐπότρυνον πατέρα the second ο has to be long
.
Actually no - the vowel is still short, it’s the syllable that’s heavy. There’s a difference!
by Paul Derouda
Wed Jun 12, 2019 7:55 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36
Replies: 9
Views: 502

Re: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36

Perhaps I should add that my native Finnish has a similar short/long vowel distinction as Greek, so I guess that might make things easier for me.
by Paul Derouda
Wed Jun 12, 2019 7:50 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36
Replies: 9
Views: 502

Re: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36

I wouldn't be able read that line aloud metrically without pausing for a second and reading it twice. So yes, I do need to feel for it, but not for long. Scanning epic isn't that difficult if you keep trying. Usually it's pretty regular, you just internalize the rules (correption for instance at wor...
by Paul Derouda
Wed Jun 12, 2019 7:04 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36
Replies: 9
Views: 502

Re: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36

seanjonesbw wrote:
Wed Jun 12, 2019 6:59 pm
So you're scanning this S-D(synizesis+e.c)-D(e.c)-S-D-S(synizesis), is that right?
Yes.
by Paul Derouda
Wed Jun 12, 2019 6:27 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36
Replies: 9
Views: 502

Re: Metrical issues Od. 6.31-36

I don't think there is ever internal correption in Homer, or if there is, it's very rare. Correption occurs at word boundary. ἐπότρυνον - the υ is long. ἐντύνεαι - the υ is long. δὴν = δϝὴν Line 33 - ἐντύνεαι, ἐπεὶ οὔ τοι ἔτι δὴν παρθένος ἔσσεαι -> this is a difficult line indeed! 2 instances of syn...
by Paul Derouda
Wed Jun 12, 2019 6:19 pm
Forum: Learning Greek
Topic: Herodotus 3.53 and the sematics of διδαχθεῖσα
Replies: 12
Views: 1540

Re: Herodotus 3.53 and the sematics of διδαχθεῖσα

ω παι: There's a discussion of this address in Eleanor Dickey's Greek forms of address from Herodotus to Lucian . I don't remember what conclusion she reached though, and I've taken the book back to the library. If I remember correctly, it might be not as patronizing as it sounds (I seem to remembe...
by Paul Derouda
Wed Jun 12, 2019 5:59 pm
Forum: Learning Greek
Topic: Herodotus 3.53 and the sematics of διδαχθεῖσα
Replies: 12
Views: 1540

Re: Herodotus 3.53 and the sematics of διδαχθεῖσα

ω παι: There's a discussion of this address in Eleanor Dickey's Greek forms of address from Herodotus to Lucian . I don't remember what conclusion she reached though, and I've taken the book back to the library. If I remember correctly, it might be not as patronizing as it sounds (I seem to remember...
by Paul Derouda
Mon Jun 10, 2019 4:01 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23
Replies: 43
Views: 2230

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23

There's not the strength (as with overthrew) of προσλέγω or πρόσφημι in πρὸς ...ἔειπεν, because this is an earlier stage of Greek, so πρὸς is kind of doing its own thing and modifying ἔειπεν and μιν (and much less strongly, perhaps, μῦθον) while remaining distinct. I don’t agree with this. Nor do I...
by Paul Derouda
Mon Jun 10, 2019 4:37 am
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23
Replies: 43
Views: 2230

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23

Hi Paul, I just read the highly entertaining thread on LfgrE. Aside from theft or raiding my pension fund is there any other access yet to this incredible resource? I found one copy of Band 2 on Amazon for US 21.00. All other Volumes appear to be unavailable. A university library. Other than that, ...
by Paul Derouda
Sun Jun 09, 2019 7:53 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23
Replies: 43
Views: 2230

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23

:twisted: :wink: It seems to me that θυμός is the ”breath of life” and corresponds to the impulsive part of the mind - passions, anger, courage, strong emotions in general. That was an interesting thread, thanks. So for μεγαθύμος would you suggest something like 'impassioned' or 'passionate' in the...
by Paul Derouda
Sat Jun 08, 2019 7:55 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23
Replies: 43
Views: 2230

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23

After all, Odysseus is still desperate to go home after meeting them. It reminds me of how, in the Lord of the Rings, when you meet the elves you're like 'oooh they're so polite and advanced and magical', but you'd still rather live in the Shire with a pint of good ale by the end. A good point. Ody...
by Paul Derouda
Sat Jun 08, 2019 7:33 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23
Replies: 43
Views: 2230

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23

Hi there, On v. 9: ἀμφὶ δὲ τεῖχος ἔλασσε πόλει Is ἀμφὶ connected to πόλει as a preposition (+D.)? Is it common to have the case far away from the preposition? Or is ἀμφὶ just an adverb? I would say that either is possible. According to Homeric usage, there is even a third possibility, namely that i...
by Paul Derouda
Sat Jun 08, 2019 2:02 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23
Replies: 43
Views: 2230

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23

The Phaeacians are μεγαθύμων, but this surely can't mean 'great-hearted' in the sense of being warm and welcoming to all strangers if Odysseus has to be shrouded in mist to avoid their taunts. 'High-minded' seems to fit better and I can't help feeling that the narrative voice thinks the slightly me...
by Paul Derouda
Fri Jun 07, 2019 10:10 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23
Replies: 43
Views: 2230

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23

1. Who are the Cyclopes that were harassing the Phaeacians? Are these the same ones that Odysseus talks about later in the Odyssey? Are they really one-eyed? In many respects, the Phaeacians are the antithesis of the Cyclopes, and I think they are reminded of for that reason. An important theme thr...
by Paul Derouda
Fri Jun 07, 2019 2:57 pm
Forum: Homeric Greek and Early Greek Poetry
Topic: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23
Replies: 43
Views: 2230

Re: Odyssey Reading Group: Book 6 Lines 1-23

I definitely agree with Seneca about keeping the posts to the point. Don't ask more than a couple of questions and don't make more than a few points per post; choose what you find most interesting. The point is to get the discussion started, and then people will raise other points they find interest...