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διεφθάρμην

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διεφθάρμην

Postby pster » Thu Feb 02, 2012 6:05 am

This is a pluperfect, at least according to Mastronarde's verb drills, but why isn't there an eta augment? Why is the epsilon retained?

Thanks in advance.
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Re: διεφθάρμην

Postby annis » Thu Feb 02, 2012 12:20 pm

The verb stem is φθείρω. When a verb starts with a consonant cluster other than stop + liquid, there is no reduplication but an augment ἐ-. That augment doesn't get further augmentation in the pluperfect. Smyth §444, "when the perfect stem begins with a vowel the pluperfect retains the prefix of the perfect."
William S. Annis — http://www.aoidoi.org/http://www.scholiastae.org/
τίς πατέρ' αἰνήσει εἰ μὴ κακοδαίμονες υἱοί;
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Re: διεφθάρμην

Postby pster » Fri Feb 03, 2012 9:42 am

Thanks. I seemed to have encountered mostly Attic reduplications lately which do lengthen the vowel (Smyth 446), so I thought they were all like that.
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