Thucydides wrote:logoi becomes logw(i) because this an unequal diphthong - the o is longer than the i. This is a "long diphthong" which apparently occurs in IE and usually resovles itself into and ordinary diphthong or just the stronger vowel.
You raise an interesting question whose roots quickly descend into murky ground
Thucydides wrote:You raise an interesting question whose roots quickly descend into murky ground
...indeed I do. And to go further: how did cases originate anyway? I'd assume there are several theories. It seems to me that cases are more numerous in older and more synthetic languages.
Accusative (or so I have heard/misunderstood...) evolved out of the idea of motion towards a thing - so another relationship.
(This may be very very wrong... I'm only hypothesising from my moderate knowledge of languages...)
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