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“Παύσονται” in 1Cor 13:8

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“Παύσονται” in 1Cor 13:8

Postby learner2010 » Tue May 10, 2011 6:55 am

"Ἡ ἀγάπη οὐδέποτε πίπτει· εἴτε δὲ προφητεῖαι καταργηθήσονται· εἴτε γλῶσσαι παύσονται· εἴτε γνῶσις καταργηθήσεται."(1 Cor 13:8)
Is the verb “Παύσονται” a future tense middle voice verb or a middle deponent? Is there any difference in meaning?
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Re: “Παύσονται” in 1Cor 13:8

Postby Markos » Wed May 11, 2011 2:22 am

Is the verb “Παύσονται” a future tense middle voice verb or a middle deponent?

It's a future middle. This verb is not deponent, with both the active and m/p found in all tenses.

Is there any difference in meaning?

If it were a deponent, it would presumably have active force. Here it clearly does not.

I am writing in Ancient Greek not because I know Greek well, but because I hope that it will improve my fluency in reading. I got the idea for this from Adrianus over on the Latin forum here at Textkit.
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Re: “Παύσονται” in 1Cor 13:8

Postby jswilkmd » Sun May 15, 2011 1:16 pm

παύω in the active means "stop (someone or something)"; "cause to stop," "quiet," "relieve."

English examples would be "Somebody stop that car!" "I had to stop him from hurting someone," or that old line from the Bee Gees song, "How can you stop the sun from shining?" A New Testament example also involving γλῶσσα is 1 Peter 3:10, which reads: παυσάτω τὴν γλῶσσαν ἀπὸ κακοῠ, "must stop the tongue from saying an evil thing." Notice that "the tongue" here is in the accusative case--it's the direct object of the verb. Somebody else is stopping the tongue.

In the middle, it means "stop (oneself)," "cease (doing something)."

English examples would be "Stop hitting your sister!" "I had to stop eating sugar when I became diabetic," and "They tasted so good, I couldn't stop." Similarly, the example in 1 Cor 13:8 means "if there are tongues, they will stop." Notice that "tongues" here is in the nominative case--it's the subject of the verb. The tongues are stopping on their own. They aren't stopping something else, such as "If there are tongues, they will stop the sun from shining."
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