I am just reading the "Breviarium" by Eutropias as my first ancient author. Eutropius repeatedly mentions that some king or other bequeaths his kingdom to the Romans:
- Book IV, Ch. 18: Eodem tempore Attalus, rex Asiae, frater Eumenis, mortuus est heredemque populum Romanum reliquit. Ita imperio Romano per testamentum Asia accessit.
- Book VI, Ch. 6: Anno urbis conditae sexcentesimo septuagesimo sexto L. Licinio Lucullo et M. Aurelio Cotta consulibus mortuus est Nicomedes, rex Bithyniae, et per testamentum populum Romanum fecit heredem.
- Book VI, Ch. 11: Quo tempore Libya quoque Romano imperio per testamentum Appionis, qui rex eius fuerat, accessit, in qua inclutae urbes erant Berenice, Ptolemais, Cyrene.
I find it hard to believe that anyone would give his kingdom to another people, even if he didn't have any direct descendant. Is anything known about these "testaments"? Might they be some sort of fraud on the Romans' side? If they were real, why would anyone do such a thing?