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habere instituit (Caes. Gal. 7.1)

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habere instituit (Caes. Gal. 7.1)

Postby jamesbath » Fri Feb 04, 2011 2:26 pm

Salvete Omnes,

I have a question about the following phrase in Caesar's Gallic War, Book VII, Chapter 1: "delectum tota provincia habere instituit".

The translation I see used in Perseus is this: "he determined to hold a levy throughout the entire province".

Now, my question: is "habere" here translated as the infinitive TO HOLD? ...and then where precisely is the translation of "instituit"? Are the two words used together to express TO HOLD or is instituit adding something else like, perhaps, "decided"?

As always,
Gratias Vobis
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Re: habere instituit (Caes. Gal. 7.1)

Postby adrianus » Fri Feb 04, 2011 2:50 pm

instituo = arrange/undertake/prepare/resolve/determine/order et caetera...to have/hold
L&S wrote:instĭtŭo , ŭi, ūtum (institivi, Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 2), 3, v. a. in-statuo.
I. To put or place into, to plant, fix, set (cf.: instruo, informo; “class.): vestigia nuda sinistri Instituere pedis,” Verg. A. 7, 690.— Trop.: argumenta in pectus multa institui, I have put, i. e. formed in my heart, Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 2: quemquamne hominem in animum instituere, aut parare, i. e. to set his heart on (al. in animo), Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 13.—
2. To set up, erect, plant, establish, arrange: “vestigia,” Lucr. 4, 474: “arborem,” Suet. Galb. 1: “pratum,” Col. 2, 18, 3: “jugera tercenta, ubi institui vineae possunt,” Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 67: “portorium vini,” to lay on, impose, id. Font. 5: “instituit officinam Syracusis in regia maximam,” founded, erected, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 24, § 54: “mercatum,” id. Phil. 3, 12: “codicem et conscribere,” id. Rosc. Com. 2: “bibliothecam,” Plin. 35, 2, 2, § 10. —
B. In gen., to make, fabricate, construct: “magnus muralium pilorum numerus instituitur,” Caes. B. G. 5, 39: “naves,” to build, id. ib. 5, 11: “pontem,” to construct, id. ib. 4, 18: “turres,” id. ib. 5, 52: “amphora coepit institui,” Hor. A. P. 22: “convivia,” Suet. Tit. 7: “longiorem sermonem,” to hold, Caes. B. G. 5, 37: “delectum,” id. B. C. 1, 16: “remiges ex provincia,” to obtain, procure, id. B. G. 3, 9.—
2. To prepare, furnish, provide (viands, food, a feast, etc.): “dapes,” Verg. A. 7, 109: “convivium,” Just. 12, 13, 6: “convivia jucunda,” Suet. Tit. 7.—
II. Trop.
A. To institute, found, establish, organize, set up (of institutions, governments, etc.); cf.: “ibi regnum magnum institutum,” Plaut. Rud. 4, 2, 30: “quo in magistratu non institutum est a me regnum, sed repressum,” Cic. Sull. 7, 21: so, “magistratum,” id. Att. 6, 1, 8: “de civitatibus instituendis littera,” id. de Or. 1, 19, 86: “civitatis formam,” Tac. H. 4, 8: “is id regnum cum fratribus suis instituit,” Lact. 1, 13, 14: “ab instituta gente,” Amm. 17, 13, 27: “collegium figulorum,” Plin. 35, 12, 46, § 159: “aerarium militare,” Suet. Aug. 49: “stipendia,” id. Claud. 5.—So of holidays, games, etc.: “ferias diesque festos,” Plin. 18, 29, 69, § 284: “Saturnalia institutus festus dies,” Liv. 2, 21, 2: “sacros ludos,” Ov. M. 1, 446.—
B. To institute, appoint one, esp. as heir or to an office: “qui me cum tutorem, tum etiam secundum heredem instituerit,” Cic. Fam. 13, 61: “Populum Romanum tutorem,” id. de Or. 1, 53, 228: “magistratum,” id. Att. 6, 1; Suet. Caes. 83; id. Vitel. 6; id. Claud. 1; Just. 7, 2, 5; Plin. Ep. 5, 1, 9.—
C. With ut, to ordain that: Arcesilas instituit, ut ii, qui, etc., Cic. Fin. 2, 1, 2: “ut fierent quaestores),” Liv. 4, 4; Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 58.—With the simple subj.: “instituit, quotannis subsortitio a praetore fieret,” Suet. Caes. 41.—
D. To take upon one's self, to undertake: “ubi cenas hodie, si hanc rationem instituis?” Plaut. Stich. 3, 1, 26: “cum Zenone Arcesilas sibi omne certamen instituit,” Cic. Ac. 1, 12.—
E. To undertake, begin, commence: “id negotium institutum est,” Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 103: “si diligentiam, quam instituisti, adhibueris,” id. ib. 16, 20: “perge tenere istam viam, quam instituisti,” Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 14: “ad hunc ipsum quaedam institui,” Cic. Ac. 1, 1, 2: “historia nec institui potest sine, etc.,” id. Leg. 1, 3, 9: “iter,” Hor. C. 3, 27, 5.— With inf.: “ut primum Velia navigare coepi, institui Topica conscribere,” Cic. Fam. 7, 19 init.: “flagitare,” id. ib. 10, 16, 1: “si quae non nupta mulier virorum alienissimorum conviviis uti instituerit,” begun, made it a practice, id. Cael. 20, 49: “recitare omnia,” Suet. Aug. 84. —
F. Of troops, to draw up, arrange: “tu actionem instituis, ille aciem instruit,” Cic. Mur. 9: “quartae aciei quam instituerat, signum dedit,” Caes. B. C. 3, 93, 5.—
G. To provide, procure: “quaestum,” Cic. Quint. 3: “aliquos sibi amicos,” Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 9, § 21: “animum ad cogitandum,” apply, Ter. Phorm. 2, 1, 10. —
H. To purpose, determine, resolve upon: “in praesentia (Caesar) similem rationem operis instituit,” Caes. B. C. 1, 42, 1. —With inf.: “senex scribere historias instituit,” Nep. Cat. 3: “quaerere tempus ejus interficiendi,” id. Alcib. 5: “montanos oppugnare,” Liv. 28, 46: “habere secum,” Caes. B. G. 7, 13, 1: “coronas ad ipsum mittere,” Suet. Ner. 22.— With object-clause: “frumentum plebi dari,” Vell. 2, 6, 3.—
I. To order, govern, administer, regulate: “sapienter vitam instituit,” Ter. And. 1, 1, 40: “libri de civitatibus instituendis,” Cic. de Or. 1, 19, 86: “mores,” Quint. 1, 2, 2: “familiam,” id. 10, 3, 9.—
K. To teach, instruct, train up, educate: “sic tu instituis adulescentes?” Cic. Cael. 17, 39: oratorem, Quint.1, 1, 21.—With inf.: “Latine loqui,” Col. 1, 1, 12: “Pan primus calamos cerā conjungere plures Instituit,” Verg. E. 2, 32; 5, 30; id. G. 1, 148: “amphora fumum bibere instituta Consule Tullo,” Hor. C. 3, 8, 11: “cum tibiis canere voce instituit,” Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 204.—With abl.: “aliquem disciplinis Graecis,” Quint. 1, 1, 12: “lyrā,” id. 1, 10, 13: “disciplina Romana,” Suet. Caes. 24.—With ad: “aliquem ad dicendum,” Cic. de Or. 2, 39, 162: “aliquem artibus et moribus,” Juv. 14, 74: “filios instituere atque erudire ad majorum instituta,” Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 69; § 161: “ad lectionem,” Quint. 1, 7, 17.— With ut or ne and subj.: “quem tu a puero sic instituisses, ut nobili ne gladiatori quidem faveret,” Cic. Quint. 21, 69: “pueros, ut, etc.,” Suet. Tib. 44; id. Aug. 64: “nos, ne quem coleremus, etc.,” Sall. J. 14, 18.—Of animals: “boves,” Col. 6, 2, 8 al.
I'm writing in Latin hoping for correction, and not because I'm confident in how I express myself. Latinè scribo ut ab omnibus corrigar, non quod confidenter me exprimam.
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Re: habere instituit (Caes. Gal. 7.1)

Postby calvinist » Fri Feb 04, 2011 4:52 pm

As adrianus said instituit --> 'he determined' habere --> 'to have'
Last edited by calvinist on Sat Feb 05, 2011 5:25 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: habere instituit (Caes. Gal. 7.1)

Postby jamesbath » Fri Feb 04, 2011 5:42 pm

Thanks Friends,

I had suspected such after reading the translation then checking Whitaker's Words:

institu.it V 3 1 PRES ACTIVE IND 3 S
institu.it V 3 1 PERF ACTIVE IND 3 S
instituo, instituere, institui, institutus V (3rd) [XXXAX]
set up, establish, found, make, institute; build; prepare; decide;


But "decide" being the last of the definitions in the list and rather different from the words preceding it, made me leery of trusting it.
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