lit. a. "Hic" is used of what is near the speaker (in time, place, or thought). It is hence called the demonstrative of the first person. It is sometimes used of the speaker himself ; sometimes for " the latter" of two persons or things mentioned in speech or writing; [at this place Allen & Greenough list a third use which I omit because it probably would more confusing than helpful] Often it refers to that which has just been mentioned.
lit. d. "Is" is a weaker demonstrative than the others and is especially common as a personal pronoun. It does not denote any special object, but refers to one just mentioned, or to be afterwards explained by a relative. Often it is merely a correlative to the relative qui:
- venit mihi obviam tuus puer, is mihi litteras abs te eddidit (Att. ii. 1. 1), your boy met me, he delivered to me a letter from you.
- eum quem, one whom.
- eum consulem qui non dubitet (Cat. iv. 24), a consul who will not hesitate.
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