GTM wrote:1 John 2:13
γραφω υμιν πατερες οτι εγνωκατε τον απ αρχης γραφω υμιν νεανισκοι οτι νενικηκατε τον πονηρον εγραψα υμιν παιδια οτι εγνωκατε τον πατερα
The article "τον" seems as if it could function in two different ways.
First: It seems to function to establish a substantive
Second: It appears as if it also functions as a pointer.(anaphoric)
Here is the question, "Is it possible for that the article functions as both in this verse"? (1 John 2:13)
If so the anaphor would seem to be speaking of 1 John 1:1
ο ην απ αρχης ο ακηκοαμεν ο εωρακαμεν τοις οφθαλμοις ημων ο εθεασαμεθα και αι χειρες ημων εψηλαφησαν περι του λογου της ζωης
Am I understanding this correctly?
The difference in gender (here masculine τὸν and there neuter ὃν) seems to be against the pointing to 1 John 1:1. I think it's referring here to a person rather than to a concept, which is the justification for the masculine.
I agree, though, that it's functioning both as a substantive ("the one [that is] from the beginning") and also as a pointer (specifically, "that one [that is] from the beginning"). It's functioning to point at someone, surely a reference to Jesus being "from the beginning".