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Verum

Postby pmda » Sat Aug 21, 2010 8:29 am

In Orberg's LLPSI. Ch. XV he has two schoolboys, Titus and Sextus making a statement and then asking the Magister to agree with them that it's true:

Nonne verum dicimus, magister?

Orberg doesn't explain verum here (that I can see) but I'm sure it's an adverb to modify 'dicimus' and, therefore, wouldn't change or decline in any way. Do I have this right?
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Re: Verum

Postby furrykef » Sat Aug 21, 2010 1:32 pm

It's actually a noun meaning "the truth" -- or to be more precise, it's the adjective "vērum", meaning "true", acting as a noun ("a true thing"). In Latin, there are three words that may be translated as "the truth":
* Vērum: The truth about a specific fact.
* Vēra: The plural of vērum. Refers to something rather less specific than vērum. For example, "In illā terrā nōn licet vēra dīcere" -- in that land it is not permitted to speak true things.
* Vēritās: Truth in a broad, general sense. A famous proverb: "In vīnō [est] vēritās".

The word "vērō" is related (ablative of vērum, but often more like a conjunction), which you will find in Chapter 16 and is used often from thereon. You will also often see the adverb "vērē" used to mean "truly" ("Dīvitēsne vērē sumus?" -- "Are we truly rich [or are we just imagining it]?"), though I don't recall this appearing particularly often, if at all, in Lingua Latina I.
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Re: Verum

Postby pmda » Sun Aug 22, 2010 4:57 pm

Furrykef, thanks for such a comprehensive answer.
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