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Not sure of syntax or why 3rd person is used

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Not sure of syntax or why 3rd person is used

Postby pmda » Tue Aug 10, 2010 5:55 am

Can anyone explain the syntax - I guess it's idiomatic Latin or some such - of this.

Davus asks Quintus - who is ill with a sore foot and a sore head - how he is:

Quintus: Quomodo se habet pes tuus hodie?

I'm not sure of the syntax and why it's in 3rd person. Does se habet refer to his 'pes' - i.e. 'How is your foot doing today?

Actually perhaps of more interest is - can anyone explain the case of 'tuus'. Why isn't it 'tuum'
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Re: Not sure of syntax or why 3rd person is used

Postby Alatius » Tue Aug 10, 2010 6:04 am

pmda wrote:Does se habet refer to his 'pes' - i.e. 'How is your foot doing today?

Yes, exactly.

Bene mē habeō: "I have myself well" = I am well.
Quōmodo tē habēs?: "How do you have yourself?" = How are you?
Quōmodo sē māter tua habet?: How are your mother?

Etc.
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Re: Not sure of syntax or why 3rd person is used

Postby Nooj » Tue Aug 10, 2010 6:42 am

Quintus: Quomodo se habet pes tuus hodie?

I'm not sure of the syntax and why it's in 3rd person. Does se habet refer to his 'pes' - i.e. 'How is your foot doing today?
Pes tuus is the subject of habet - how does your foot have itself today? How does your foot fare today?

Actually perhaps of more interest is - can anyone explain the case of 'tuus'. Why isn't it 'tuum'
Pes is masculine.
Dolor poetas creat.
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