We therefore predict that this basic vocabulary will enable the reader to recognize directly about 85 per cent (in round numbers) of all the words he will ever read In Latin literature and to deduce the meaning of about 10 per cent more as derivatives or compounds of known words, or as obvious roots of known English derivatives. The line was drawn at this point because the group of words next highest in frequency would enable the reader to recognize directly only an additional 7 per cent of the vocabulary of Latin literature after learning about 1,000 additional words. Of the 1,471 words in the basic vocabulary, about 400 are so closely related in form and meaning to English derivatives and cognates that, in the experience of the writer, they can either be guessed or learned very easily by the average beginning class in secondary schools. This reduces the burden of memorizing the basic vocabulary to about 1,000 words, which should be learned by secondary school pupils in two years, or in one year by the mature reader In college or in later life. It is hoped that these words will be embodied in easy reading materials, or selected for special emphasis from present reading materials, and learned as they occur in reading.
Classifications Used in the Recommended Basic Vocabulary
I. Nouns and Related Words
16. Work and Play
17. City and Buildings
20. Social Approval
23. Abstractions and Unclassified
III. Verbs and Related Words
1. Verbs Which Express or Affect the Location of the Subject
2. Verbs Which Affect the Location of the Object
3. Verbs Which Express or Affect the State of the Subject
4. Verbs Which Affect the State of the Object
5. Constructive Activities 6. Destructive Activities
7. Verbs Affecting Other Verbs
8. Vocal Activities
9. Mental and Sensory Operations
IV. AdJectives and Related Words
VIII. Prepositions and Prefixes
edonnelly wrote:He's been studying for two years. Hopefully a lot of those words can be scratched off the list right away.
thesaurus wrote:I know it's the wrong forum, but is there a comparable list or study for Greek?
edonnelly wrote:Imagine what a tool like that would have done for someone like Diederich back in 1939!
edonnelly wrote:In 1939 Paul Diederich ... found that there were basically 1400 latin vocabulary words that would allow you to know the meaning of 85% of the latin words you will encounter in classical texts.
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