pmda wrote:Hi, I just joined this. And was prompted by a question. Am learning Latin through self-study - Lingua Latina. I just finished the Dowling approach of memorizing the paradigms. Only I went much further than he recommended (including all pronouns, irregular verbs etc..) It took a while. Anyways I'm stumped about something already. I have a question about the gender and person of some Greek cities in latin. Words like Naxos, Lesbos in sentences in Orberg's Lingua latina are obviously Fem. Nom. Sing. But I can find no reference to this fact on the web. Can anyone confirm the gender and person of 'Naxos' and 'Lesbos' in a sentence like 'Naxos et Lesbos sunt insulae Graecae' ? Are the an irregular 2nd declension feminine nouns?
All islands are feminine (as are most cities). So are springs, trees, .... Rivers are masculine, likewise winds, mountains, etc. etc. Features of the landscape tend to be consistently gendered, and personified as female or male actors: they’re nymphs (springs, islands), fathers (rivers), and so forth, with the sexual relations to match—pursued and abducted/raped females, rapacious or protecting males (mostly rapacious), gendered offspring, …. The stars in the sky are seen as configured constellations and as catasterisms of male and female creatures on earth. Sun is male, riding a chariot, moon female. The Greeks had rich imaginations, witness their irrepressible mythologizing, and Latin came into their inheritance.
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EDIT. Sorry, I meant to post this on the Latin forum.