modus.irrealis wrote:Writing paradigms over and over again is what did it for me, but it's not the funnest thing in the world.
Conjugation in Latin, though, is nice because you can treat it systematically by decomposing the forms to make them more manageable. The endings for example are the same throughout, except remembering where the first person singular active is -o and when it's -m. I worked out a system once and found it very helpful.
Are you familiar with the various "tricks" like the ablative and dative plural are always the same, you form the imperfect (resp. pluperfect) subjunctive by adding the appropriate endings to the present (resp. perfect) infinitive, and so on? Those are really helpful too.
spiphany wrote:I can really only recommend one thing: practice, practice, practice. Drill if you have to, otherwise learn through application. But work at it, at least 1/2 hour a day if possible. There is no way to get out of this in language learning.
For me what really helped was learning to recognize the forms out of sequence. When I originally learned the demonstratives, we recited them horizontally, which has a nice rhythm, but it makes it difficult to connect with everything else, which we learned vertically. Until I knew the various forms individually (apart from the paradigm) I wasn't really comfortable with them.
I don't know if you've tried memorizing sentences for some of the various forms -- this is probably more useful for nouns than for verbs. If you choose a sentence where the case is obvious from the meaning, it may help you actually recognize it in context. Plus, if you have a good grasp of the first three declensions, you can use them to reinforce the new material by linking a demonstrative with a 1st declension noun, or a 1st/2nd declension adjective with a fourth declension noun.
Also: dice. Cover up the dots with sticky labels and write one case or person or tense on each side. This is a great way to randomize the forms you need to produce (you could also use shuffled notecards or a flashcard program that automatically randomizes things, but I've found dice the easiest).
KramerKram wrote:What I did was modify the Dowling Method with modern technology.
I wrote most paradigms in the back of Wheelock 100 times. Some I only wrote 50 times, because they were so similar.
Then I input all of the paradigms I had learned into Anki (A free, Spaced Repitition Flashcard Program). Now I only have to review my Anki deck to maintain my paradigms.
If you would like my Anki deck that has the majority of the paradigms at the back of Wheelock, I'd be glad to share it with you. You could skip the write 100x, and just Cram (a setting in Anki) the paradigms. Then after you felt you had Crammed enough, you could switch over to the basic Spaced Repitition in Anki.
That's what I did.
Here's a screenshot:
Essorant wrote:You might like to take a look at Bradley Arnold's Latin Prose Composition. It goes through all the most important aspects of syntax and stresses the parts that differ most from English. Being concious of the things that differ most from English is one of the most important parts, for the instincts need to be trained to avoid the English difference and fasten themselves to the Latin one. Even if you are not interested in composing Latin, the book is surpassingly helpful with aspects of syntax.