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The gender of two words combined

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The gender of two words combined

Postby lgsoltek » Wed May 27, 2009 3:57 pm

On page 123 Section 277 we see a sentence (line 5):

Terra et mare sunt inimica.

Here "terra" is feminine, "mare" is neuter, and the adjective used to refer to these two nouns here is neuter and plural.
So does it mean "feminine"+"neuter"="neuter"?
What if it's "masculine"+"feminine"? and "masc"+"neuter"? Then in what gender should the adjective used to refer to them be?

Thanks in advance for your responses. :D
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Re: The gender of two words combined

Postby modus.irrealis » Wed May 27, 2009 4:35 pm

With esse and similar verbs, the basic rule is that it's masculine if it's for human beings and neuter for things, but for all the details, it's probably best to check out Allen & Greenough's grammar, specifically the section on rules of agreement for adjectvies, 286 - 287.
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Re: The gender of two words combined

Postby lgsoltek » Thu May 28, 2009 12:15 pm

Thank you very much modus.irrealis!
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