David333 wrote:adding just an e when the verbal stem begins with a vowel/dipthong, an initial sibilant or two initial consonants where the second is a liquid
modus.irrealis wrote:David333 wrote:adding just an e when the verbal stem begins with a vowel/dipthong, an initial sibilant or two initial consonants where the second is a liquid
That last should be "two initial consonants other than stop + liquid." So for example γράφω gives γέγραφα, but στέλλω gives ἔσταλκα (there are exceptions though). You could also call ζ a sibilant in Koine Greek but it's usually treated as a double consonant, and falls under that rule either way. Also ρ is treated like a double consonant, e.g. ῥίπτω gives ἔρριφα.
And just in case, the "adding the initial consonant and e" rule needs to be changed for words that begin with φ, θ, or χ, where the initial consonant is deaspirated as in φεύγω gives πέφευγα.
IreneY wrote:Hi there!
Yes, "s" is the only sibilant.
Attic reduplication is when some verbs starting with a vowel (α, ε or ο) instead of just "changing" the original vowel to eta or omega, also reduplicate the initial vowel and the next consonant (in other words the first two letters) before the augment.
E.g. ἀκούω would have been *ήκοα but with the attic reduplication it actually becomes ἀκήκοα
ὄμνυμι - * ώμο-κα with the attic reduplication ὀμ-ώμο-κα
Edit: In case your browser is acting up like mine does (doesn't show accented characters unless they have the oxeia, acute accent only) it's
όμνυμι - ομώμοκα