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Similarities between Homeric and Koine

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Similarities between Homeric and Koine

Postby jaihare » Tue Mar 17, 2009 11:36 pm

I notice in reading the introduction to Attic provided in Pharr's text (I'm looking specifically at §465 on page 201 [244 of the PDF] now) that there are some morphological phenomena that were pulled from Homeric into the Koine, while others came instead from Attic. Specifically, I notice that ε + υ in contraction in the Koine follows Attic and becomes ου, while in Homeric it becomes ευ (§461).

However, like Homeric, the Koine has σσ where Attic has ττ (as in, θάλασσα v. θάλαττα). Also like Homeric, the Koine has ρσ where Attic has ρρ (for example, in the word ἄρσεν).

How did the Koine receive these forms? Why didn't it follow Attic?

Thanks,
Jason
Jason Hare
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Re: Similarities between Homeric and Koine

Postby annis » Thu Mar 19, 2009 12:13 am

jaihare wrote:How did the Koine receive these forms? Why didn't it follow Attic?


The base dialect of the Homeric language is Ionic, sometimes called Old Ionic in this context. The Koine, while mostly Attic, pulled in some later Ionic forms, too.
William S. Annis — http://www.aoidoi.org/http://www.scholiastae.org/
τίς πατέρ' αἰνήσει εἰ μὴ κακοδαίμονες υἱοί;
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