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Passive Help

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Passive Help

Postby readerkieran12 » Fri Feb 20, 2009 7:24 pm

What exactly is the passive? What does it do to Latin words exactly? I read it in Lingua Latina Pars I Familia Romana on page 46 chapter VI. Here are some examples:
Saccus portatur a servo.
Sacci portantur a servis.
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Re: Passive Help

Postby benissimus » Fri Feb 20, 2009 7:48 pm

Passive means that the subject is receiving the action. For example, in your sentence "saccus portatur a servo", the saccus is being carried. In an active sentence, the direct object receives the action ("servus saccum portat"). Latin passive is equivalent to English "be ____ed" (e.g. "be killed" as opposed to "kill").
flebile nescio quid queritur lyra, flebile lingua murmurat exanimis, respondent flebile ripae
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Re: Passive Help

Postby readerkieran12 » Thu Feb 26, 2009 8:50 pm

Thank you very much for the reply. It is very helpful and I understand passive a lot better now. Thank you again.
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