Welcome to Textkit. Well, quÃ¦ is here the nominative, feminine, plural form for the relative pronoun quÃ¦ (both the singular and plural have the same form). It's naturally nominative because the verb is to be (infinitive esse, erant is imperfect, third person plural). It couldn't be used, for instance, the accusative (quam for singular and quas for plural) because esse isn't transitive (i.e., it doesn't accept any direct object) but copulative. I don't know if I answer exactly what you ask. Ask whatever isn't clear enough.
Last edited by Gonzalo
on Sun Oct 19, 2008 1:10 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Verus enim amor semper tempore tristi elucescit magis. (Philipp Melanchthon: Decl. de studiis Linguæ Græcæ)
Quin age, si quid habes (P. Vergilii Maronis Ecloga III:52)