Bretonus wrote:how were Ï† and Î¸ pronounced in Attic?
The difference between the aspirated and unaspirated consonants is approximately
the 'p' in 'pin' (Ï†) versus the 'p' in 'spin' (Ï€)
the 't' in 'tone' (Î¸) versus the 't' in 'stone' (Ï„)
We don't normally hear
the difference in English, but if you put our hand in front of your mouth when you pronounce the words, you'll find that the aspirated form is accompanied by a puff of air, while the unaspirated form is not.
Aspirating Ï† and Î¸ is not particularly difficult -- however, unaspirating
Ï€ and Ï„ is challenging. For the purposes of understanding, as Modus says, using f and th is probably the most practical.