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Verb defendo question

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Verb defendo question

Postby Boban » Thu Aug 28, 2008 4:18 pm

I have a question about verb dēfendo, 3. dēfendi, dēfensum

Since Indicative Active Present and Indicative Active Perfect for 1th person plural of this verb have both same form "defendimus", how do you know which one is it?
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Postby timeodanaos » Thu Aug 28, 2008 4:38 pm

Context is king.
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Postby Boban » Thu Aug 28, 2008 5:44 pm

timeodanaos wrote:Context is king.


But consider this sentence:
Vim defendimus vi.

Do you translate it like:
a) Force we rejected by force. (perfect)
b) Force we reject with force. (present)
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Postby Twpsyn » Thu Aug 28, 2008 7:20 pm

If you don't know from the context, then it's ambiguous.
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Postby Deses » Thu Aug 28, 2008 7:39 pm

Boban wrote:
timeodanaos wrote:Context is king.


But consider this sentence:
Vim defendimus vi.

Do you translate it like:
a) Force we rejected by force. (perfect)
b) Force we reject with force. (present)


In some cases you need more than a sentence as a sufficient context.

Note, by the way, that in "Vim defendimus vi" defendimus is most likely gnomic Perfect, translatable as Present Ind.
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