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Perfect Subjuntive Active

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Perfect Subjuntive Active

Postby GVR2 » Wed Aug 13, 2008 1:40 pm

In M&F (Page 328) the second person forms of perfect subjunctive active do not have a macron on the last i; nor do the first person plurals.

In Wheelock, however, they have (Page 453).

Which is correct? Thank you.
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Postby Twpsyn » Wed Aug 13, 2008 3:03 pm

Allen & Greenough give it short. However, I believe the quantity varied, especially in poetry: for example, in Catullus 5, line 10:

Dein, cum milia multa fecerimus

fecerimus has long i.
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Postby GVR2 » Wed Aug 13, 2008 3:07 pm

Thank you.
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Postby timeodanaos » Wed Aug 13, 2008 4:43 pm

According to Sihler, §543,3, the latin perfect subjunctive is formed from *is-ī. With normal sound changes, this makes -erī-. Because of the likeness to the future perfect, the final i loses its quantity, though; except among early poets - and seldom seen metri causa in later poetry, and almost exclusively in the first and second person plural.
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