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The difference between "tum" and "deinde"

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The difference between "tum" and "deinde"

Postby DoctrinaeStudeo » Wed Jul 16, 2008 8:40 pm

I'm learning through Benjamin D'Ooge's Latin for Beginners and I'm a bit confused. What is the difference between tum and deinde? I've read their definitions, but if I'm understanding it, I'm not really sure. English and Latin examples would be appreciated (Like when the english "then" would be translated into deinde as opposed to tum, and vice versa.)

Thanks in advance.
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Postby thesaurus » Thu Jul 17, 2008 2:00 am

My understanding and made up examples are as follows:

Tum: "then" as in "at that time;" ex., "Caesar imperator fuit; tum Romam regnabat."

Deinde: "then" as in "next in sequence." English: "Add flour, then add eggs." etc. "Caesar Galliam vicit deinde Brittaniam invasit."
Horae quidem cedunt et dies et menses et anni, nec praeteritum tempus umquam revertitur nec quid sequatur sciri potest. Quod cuique temporis ad vivendum datur, eo debet esse contentus. --Cicero, De Senectute
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Postby Essorant » Thu Jul 17, 2008 2:23 am

<b>Deinde</b> is a little more like English <i>thence</i> "from there, from that". It is a compound of <b>de</b> and <b>inde</b>.<pre></pre>
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Postby Lucus Eques » Thu Jul 17, 2008 1:18 pm

They are interchangeable in this way: they both can mean "then" in a sequence of events.
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Postby DoctrinaeStudeo » Thu Jul 17, 2008 2:56 pm

Ah, thank you then. This really clears things up a bit.
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