There seems to be three states of consideration. I know not if these are complete, but for the present inquiry, i can think of no more. Now, these three states are in relationship to the mind:reality, thinking and communication. Reality is related to the physical world in which one finds oneself. this is in communication the external medium about which ideas are formed and by which communication is affored. However, if considered in an absoult sense, language and thought are subsistant upon reality and never the other way around. Yet, it is function within reality, which is my present concern. That is, the relationship of reality, thinking, and language. It is of concern for this reason: does speaking in a certain language (like Attic Greek, for example) determine the thinking process in any fashion as compared to those who speak another langauge.
Knowledge is oringianlly acquired in the world in which we function. Sensry experince allows original ideas to be formed. These ideas are then associated with other ideas, which become more and more complex as the individual ages; this process is mental categorization.
However, this process is an unreasoned one, at least up until this point. The mind related to sensary knowledge acquired is like the eye, it has a function which it is to complete; for example, the eye is not told to see; it opens and functions. The mind is the same in this aspect, it recieves sensary information and functions. the eye lacks abilty to reason though. the mind does not, and as soon as it starts to receive information, it begins the thinking process. However, this procees can be manipulated by language.
Language is a symbolic representation of mental ideas; language is used for the exchanging of ideas between two minds, which without language would be unable to communicate. The exchange of these ideas is where the question is to be asked. For communication to occure there must be a standard independent of both interlocutors, namely, the physical world, reality. language symbolizes this world, but it is also that by which the meaning of the world is to be communicated. It is this communication of meaning that binds the mind.
Consider, when a child is told to think upon certian things in a certain way, to categorize ideas together in accordance with a cultrual system, which lays the foundation of the thinking process. From these processes of catergorization, more ideas are built up; for exmple, "one is told that to kiss another is an act of love. This relationship between two ideas becomes established. Later on in life the individual is having marital problems and is told to love his wife more, in a process called spreading activation, the mind will seek to find relationships to love, which in are example is kissing; therefore, the man will kiss his wife more." Now, i understand this is a silly example, but think what would the result be if the esablished relationship was not kissing, but punching: he would punch his wife more. My point is thus, language by cultural application, being thet all that belong to that culture speak the same language, apply meaning to reality by langauge, which people then live in accordance with.
When one considers the complexity of the human mind and how many levels of ideas have been established from original sensary expeirnce, can it be that we think independently of this mental structure. However, what if the solution to a problem was in an incorrect relationship, but, then, other more complex ideas are established on that way of thinking, is it possible for the solution to be discovered. I would submit not, concluding that langauge binds human thought process and causing resolutions to be hidden within mental presuppostion.
Forgive me, brevity is not my skill and i only hope that my excessiveness in writting has not hidden that which i ment to be plain.