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Textkit Vocabulary - Collar and Daniell's Beginner's Latin V

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Textkit Vocabulary - Collar and Daniell's Beginner's Latin V

Postby fdpatterson » Mon Jun 09, 2008 3:33 am

Hi all,

I am really new her so bear with me.

I have been using the Textkit Vocabulary builder which I receive via E-mail. However, I don't understand some of the notation on it. For example, here is the last E-mail I received.

On the fist line where it says vinum, -i -n, wine.
What is the -i denoting? I get the -n is telling me it's neutered. At first I thought it was point to case but those don't seem to match up. And some of them don't have anything.

Any help would be appreciated.

**********************************
vinum, -i - n. wine
delectat - delights
delectant - delight
carrus, -i - m. wagon
incola, -ae - m. inhabitant
oppidum, -i - n. town
remus, -i - m. oar
servus, -i - m. slave, servant
ventus, -i - m. wind
in - prep. with acc., into
**********************************
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Postby spiphany » Mon Jun 09, 2008 4:01 am

The "dictionary form" of a word typically includes certain additional information:

for nouns: genitive singular (often just the ending -i, -ae, etc.) and gender (m, f, n). The reasons for this will become evident as you learn more about the different declension patterns. Not all nouns take the same set of endings.

for adjectives: the m, f, and neuter forms (eg -us, -a, -um)

for verbs: the four principle parts (1st singular, infinitive, perfect, passive participle) which you need to know in order to be able to conjugate the verb. Also often abbreviated as just the ending when the verb is regular. You may not be given all the principle parts until you learn the different tenses, however.

for prepositions: the case it takes
IPHIGENIE: Kann uns zum Vaterland die Fremde werden?
ARKAS: Und dir ist fremd das Vaterland geworden.
IPHIGENIE: Das ist's, warum mein blutend Herz nicht heilt.
(Goethe, Iphigenie auf Tauris)
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Wow, that was quick!

Postby fdpatterson » Mon Jun 09, 2008 4:08 am

Thank you so much for your reply.

Your message gave me something I can work and is greatly appreciated.

Forrest :P :D
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