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verba contracta

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verba contracta

Postby mjs » Mon May 26, 2008 1:37 pm

Hello everyone,
I am a beginner student of the κοινή Greek and I am dealing with contracted verbs now. A question, which might sound silly, is bothering me: are both forms, contracted and non-contracted, used equivalently or is the contracted form the only one actually used? E.g., can one say both ποιέω and ποιῶ or only ποιῶ?
Thanks.
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Re: verba contracta

Postby annis » Mon May 26, 2008 1:50 pm

mjs wrote: or is the contracted form the only one actually used? E.g., can one say both ποιέω and ποιῶ or only ποιῶ?


In Koine only the contracted form is used, though most dictionaries will cite them uncontracted because the usual lemma form, the present first person singular, doesn't make it clear what the stem vowel is with the contraction.

If you eventually read Herodotus or Homer you'll find uncontracted -έω verbs, as well as some oddball behavior from -άω and -όω verbs.
William S. Annis — http://www.aoidoi.org/http://www.scholiastae.org/
τίς πατέρ' αἰνήσει εἰ μὴ κακοδαίμονες υἱοί;
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Postby mjs » Mon May 26, 2008 2:00 pm

Thanks a lot! Now I'll know how to handle them.
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Postby GreekGeek2 » Sat May 31, 2008 7:41 am

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Postby annis » Sat May 31, 2008 4:15 pm

William S. Annis — http://www.aoidoi.org/http://www.scholiastae.org/
τίς πατέρ' αἰνήσει εἰ μὴ κακοδαίμονες υἱοί;
annis
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Postby Apollimagine » Sun Jun 01, 2008 8:33 am

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