I would like to thank William Annis for his comments.
Instead of an answer, i would like to quote two paragraphs from the Preface of the "Etymological Dictionary of the Latin Language" by F. Valpy (London, 1828) concerning the relationship between Latin and Greek. - See below.
Thank you very much
With best regards
PS. I tried to copy-paste the segment, but technically it was not possible to enter an image in the post. So i typed the segment. For those who do not have Greek fonts, i wrote the Greek words with Latin characters in parenthesis.
"But of what kind is that connection? Is that of mother and daughter, or of sister and sister? If it is of the former kind, then it is sufficient for the Etymologist to trace a Latin to a Greek word. If of the latter, he has gained but little by so doing, but must go on to some other language which produced both. The question then is of essential importance to the Etymologist.
Let me try the words Domus and Î”ÏŒÎ¼Î¿Ï‚ (Domos). Can we carry Domus any further back in Latin? â€“ No. But we can carry Î”ÏŒÎ¼Î¿Ï‚ (Domos) further back in Greek, and can refer it to Î”ÎÎ¼Ï‰ (Demo), to build, whose perfect middle is Î”ÎÎ´Î¿Î¼Î± (Dedoma). We may go perhaps further, and refer Î”ÎÎ¼Ï‰ (Demo) itself to Î”ÎÏ‰ (Deo), to bind, to bind together: the perfect passive of which is Î”ÎÎ´ÎµÎ¼Î±Î¹ (Dedeme), hence is the word Î”ÎÎ¼Î± (Dema). The Latin word Domus therefore is allied to the Greek language not as a sister, but as a daughter. Thus also Argentum can be traced no further in Latin. But in Greek is Î‘ÏÎ³ÏŒÏ‚ (Argos), white; and Î‘ÏÎ³Î®ÎµÎ¹Ï‚ (Argeis), genitive Î‘ÏÎ³Î®ÎµÎ½Ï„Î¿Ï‚ (Argientos), Î‘ÏÎ³Î®Î½Ï„Î¿Ï‚ (Argintos), white. Tremo is from Î¤ÏÎÎ¼Ï‰ (tremo), and Î¤ÏÎÎ¼Ï‰ (Tremo) from Î¤ÏÎÏ‰ (Treo), Î¤ÎÏ„ÏÎµÎ¼Î±Î¹ (Tetrame). So Pompa is from Î Î¿Î¼Ï€Î® (Pompe), this from Î ÎÎ¼Ï€Ï‰ (Pempo), Î ÎÏ€Î¿Î¼Ï€Î± (Pepompa). Tragicus is from Î¤ÏÎ±Î³Î¹ÎºÏŒÏ‚ (Tragikos), this from Î¤ÏÎ¬Î³Î¿Ï‚ (Tragos). Poema is from Î Î¿Î¯Î·Î¼Î± (Poeema), this from Î Î¿Î¹ÎÏ‰ (Poeeo), Î ÎµÏ€Î¿Î¯Î·Î¼Î±Î¹ (Pepoeeme). In Latin we have no Demo, or Argeis in the sense of white, or Treo, or Pempo, or Tragus in the sense of a goat, or Poieo. Therefore the Latin is not a sister of the Greek, but proceeds from it, as a daughter from the mother. And the Latin Etymologist is justified in tracing a Latin to a Greek word â€“ I speak not of Later Greek â€“and there leaving it, thinking that it then becomes the province of the Greek Etymologist to trace it further back in the Greek or to carry it on to some other language."
Last edited by Neos
on Sun May 04, 2008 8:46 pm, edited 1 time in total.