fIlia mea is certainly in the nominative case and is therefore the subject of the verb laudat. So you have (in English) "My daughter always praises....what?. Well, since sapientiam amIcArum is in the accusative it is the object of the verb (it receives the action). You have been led astray by the concept of apposition. It doesn't apply here since there is no other noun phrase in the nominative. You may be confused about the function of laudat. While a conjugated verb may stand alone and suggest its subject, you have an explicit subject here: fIlia mea.
Kimble wrote:PR 3 .. Sapientiam amIcArum, fIlia mea, semper laudat.
Filia mea is clearly in apposition which Wheelock says "always agree(s) in case, usually in number, and often in gender as well."
As â€˜filia meaâ€™ is nominative singular, it thus must be in agreement with â€˜laudatâ€™.
â€œShe always praises, my daughter,â€¦.â€
Again, Wheelock states â€œAn appositive is a noun which is â€œput besideâ€ another noun as the explanatory equivalent of the other noun;â€
In this case, should I assume that the noun in question is â€œSheâ€, the assumed English pronoun â€“t on laudat?
All the same, â€œfilia meaâ€ seems to me to be the subject not the appositive.
I think you may be confusing the nominative and the vocative case.
In your sentence ' sapientiam amicarum, filia mea, semper laudat.'
sapientiam obviously is in the accusative case
amicarum in the genitive showing possession of sapientiam,
filia mea in the VOCATIVE case
semper laudat complete the predicate
this would be translated as , "My daughter, always praise the wisdom of [your] friends."
This is how i would approach this sentence. The commas encasing filia mea are kind of an indicator of the vocative case.
bedwere wrote:In my not so humble opinion this is a botched phrase that only confuses the student instead of helping him learn Latin.
bedwere wrote:"laudat" is 3rd person singular present indicative active, and, if you consider "mea filia" as vocative, then it should have been "lauda", 2nd person singular imperative.
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