timeodanaos wrote:when I got home, however, and checked my historical grammar, it said that the third person plural was formed on the stem *s-, that is *senti. This makes as much sense as my original explanation, except one thing: Where did the inital s go? Naturally, it would have become h-, but initial aspirations don't just disappear, do they?
The present stem is *Hes-
(I cannot do subscripts here - it's H1). Given Mycenaean evidence e-e-si
the laryngeal was turned into e
. Quoting Sihler (page 549), "but PG *ehenti
ought to give Îµá¼±ÏƒÎ¯, like Îµá½•Ï‰ < *euho
`kindle.' We are therefore still dependent on leveling analogy to explain the loss of the rough breathing (or its failure to develop in the first place)."