Here are some quick comments that I hope are clear enough.
Prometheus wrote:1 ÎšÎ±Î¹ ÏƒÏ…Î½ÎµÏ„ÎµÎ»ÎÏƒÎ¸Î·ÏƒÎ±Î½ Î¿ Î¿Ï…ÏÎ±Î½Î¿Ï‚ ÎºÎ±Î¹ Î· Î³Î· (NOMINATIVE SING.) ÎºÎ±Î¹ Ï€Î±Ï‚ Î¿ ÎºÏŒÏƒÎ¼Î¿Ï‚ Î±Ï…Ï„Ï‰Î½....
Nom. is right -- here because Î³á¿† is part of the subject of ÏƒÏ…Î½ÎµÏ„ÎµÎ»ÎÏƒÎ¸Î·ÏƒÎ±Î½, "the heaven and the earth were finished."
4 Î‘Ï…Ï„Î· Î® Î²Î¯Î²Î»Î¿Ï‚ Î³ÎµÎ½ÎÏƒÎµÏ‰Ï‚ Î¿Ï…ÏÎ±Î½Î¿Ï… ÎºÎ±Î¹ Î³Î·Ï‚ (GENITIVE SING.),
Gen. is right -- here because it's the "origin OF heaven and earth."
oÏ„Îµ ÎµÎ³ÎÎ½ÎµÏ„Î¿, Î· Î·Î¼ÎÏÎ± ÎµÏ€Î¿Î¯Î·ÏƒÎµÎ½ Î¿ Î¸ÎµÎ¿Ï‚ Ï„Î¿Î½ Î¿Ï…ÏÎ±Î½Î¿Î½ ÎºÎ±Î¹ Ï„Î·Î½ Î³Î·Î½ (ACCUSATIVE SING.)...
Acc. is right -- here because Î³á¿†Î½ is the object of á¼Ï€Î¿Î¯Î·ÏƒÎµÎ½, "God made the heaven and the earth."
5 ÎºÎ±Î¹ Ï€Î±Î½ Ï‡Î»Ï‰ÏÎ¿Î½ Î±Î³ÏÎ¿Ï… Ï€ÏÎ¿ Ï„Î¿Ï… Î³ÎµÎ½ÎÏƒÎ¸Î±Î¹ ÎµÏ€Î¹ Ï„Î·Ï‚ Î³Î·Ï‚ (DATIVE SING.?)
Here it's also genitive (the dative would be Î³á¿‡) -- it's genitive because of the á¼Ï€Î¯, but it's more complicated than that because á¼Ï€Î¯ can be used with the genitive, dative, or the accusative. When it comes to using á¼Ï€Î¯ in terms of place, i.e. meaning "on", very roughly, the genitive (or the dative, but I believe that's rarer for this preposition) is used with verbs not denoting motion and the accusative for verbs of motion. So I would say it's genitive here because there's no motion involved -- it's simply about being on the earth.
ÎºÎ±Î¹ Ï€Î±Î½Ï„Î± Ï‡ÏŒÏÏ„Î¿Î½ Î±Î³ÏÎ¿Ï… Ï€ÏÎ¿ Ï„Î¿Ï… Î±Î½Î±Ï„ÎµÎ¹Î»Î±Î¹ Î¿Ï… Î³Î±Ï ÎµÎ²ÏÎµÎ¾ÎµÎ½ Î¿ Î¸ÎµÎ¿Ï‚ ÎµÏ€Î¹ Ï„Î·Î½ Î³Î·Î½ (ACCUSATIVE SING.?),
Acc. is right -- here it's with the á¼Ï€Î¯ which takes the accusative and I would say because of the motion involved in God making it rain upon the earth.
ÎºÎ±Î¹ Î¬Î½Î¸ÏÏ‰Ï€Î¿Ï‚ Î¿Ï…Îº Î·Î½ ÎµÏÎ³Î¬Î¶ÎµÏƒÎ¸Î±Î¹ Ï„Î·Î½ Î³Î·Î½ (ACCUSATIVE SING.).
Acc. is right -- here because Î³á¿†Î½ is the object of á¼ÏÎ³Î¬Î¶ÎµÏƒÎ¸Î±Î¹, "to till the earth."
6 Ï€Î·Î³Î· Î´Îµ Î±Î½ÎÎ²Î±Î¹Î½ÎµÎ½ ÎµÎº Ï„Î·Ï‚ Î³Î·Ï‚ (GENITIVE SING.?)
Gen. is right -- here because of á¼Îº, which only takes the genitive.
ÎºÎ±Î¹ ÎµÏ€ÏŒÏ„Î¹Î¶ÎµÎ½ Ï€Î±Î½ Ï„Î¿ Ï€ÏÏŒÏƒÏ‰Ï€Î¿Î½ Ï„Î·Ï‚ Î³Î·Ï‚ (GENITIVE SING.).
Gen. is right -- here because it's "the face OF the earth."
7 ÎºÎ±Î¹ ÎµÏ€Î»Î±ÏƒÎµÎ½ Î¿ Î¸ÎµÎ¿Ï‚ Ï„Î¿Î½ Î¬Î½Î¸ÏÏ‰Ï€Î¿Î½ Ï‡Î¿Ï…Î½ Î±Ï€Î¿ Ï„Î·Ï‚ Î³Î·Ï‚ (GENITIVE SING.?) ÎºÎ±Î¹ ÎµÎ½ÎµÏ†ÏÏƒÎ·ÏƒÎµÎ½ ÎµÎ¹Ï‚ Ï„Î¿ Ï€ÏÏŒÏƒÏ‰Ï€Î¿Î½ Î±Ï…Ï„Î¿Ï… Ï€Î½Î¿Î·Î½ Î¶Ï‰Î·Ï‚, ÎºÎ±Î¹ ÎµÎ³ÎÎ½ÎµÏ„Î¿ Î¿ Î¬Î½Î¸ÏÏ‰Ï€Î¿Ï‚ ÎµÎ¹Ï‚ ÏˆÏ…Ï‡Î·Î½ Î¶Ï‰ÏƒÎ±Î½.
Gen. is right -- here because of á¼€Ï€ÏŒ, which takes the genitive.