Anthony Appleyard wrote:I suspect that the name Orion caused serious problems to hexameter poets: Î©Ïá¿Ï‰Î½ is an important legendary character whose name contains that Homeric-type hexameter poet's dread, a cretic; whence, I suspect, Homer's scansion as Î©Ïá¿‘Ï‰Î½ and Hesiod's unetymological decontraction to Î©Î±Ïá¿Ï‰Î½ .
See West's note ad Hes. Op
. 598. á½¨Î±Ïá½·Ï‰Î½ is introduced into Hesiod only by conjecture (Nauck) -- the manuscripts are uniform in their transmission of á½¨Ïá½·Ï‰Î½. The same holds for Homer, Aratus, and all other Greek and Latin hexameter poets. While lyric verse does show á½¨Î±Ïá½·Ï‰Î½ with short iota, and this is admittedly an older form, the contraction of Ï‰Î± (and subsequent metrically-induced lengthening of the iota) is pre-Hesiodic, as is guaranteed by such contractions as Î±á¼°Î´á¿¶ at Op
. 324. So the solution to the problem of this particular cretic word was found very early indeed.