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Homeric Pluperfect

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Homeric Pluperfect

Postby Thucydides » Tue Jul 12, 2005 8:43 pm

Whatever does the Homeric Pluperfect mean? A past tense of a stative verb (which is what the Homeric perfect basically is) is surely impossible.
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Postby Skylax » Wed Jul 13, 2005 9:51 am

All the grammarians I know say what Smyth writes: "it denotes a past fixed state resulting from a completed action". They don't refer to a special use in Homer.

Kühner quotes Iliad, E (5), 65s, where a [face=SPIonic]beblh/kei[/face] "he had (already) hit (his ennemy)" means that the ennemy was already in a sorry state when his opponent "finished" him.
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