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Substantive adjectives

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Substantive adjectives

Postby calvinist » Tue May 17, 2005 5:28 am

Can a masculine (or feminine) adjective functioning substantivally be translated as a concept, or only a person? For instance, could [face=SPIonic]agaqoj[/face] be translated as "good" or "goodness" if the context allows, or must it be rendered "a good man/one"?
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Postby Paul » Tue May 17, 2005 2:25 pm

Hi,

The masculine | feminine substantive adjectives typically refer to a person. But the person could be idealized, e.g., [face=SPIonic]o( sofo/j[/face] can mean 'the wise man' without reference to a particular individual.

Without the article this example would mean simply 'a wise man'.

See Smyth's Grammar, 1021-1029.

Cordially,

Paul
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