After I had finally solved my problems with the sounds of the Latin’s Alphabet (once more my thanks Luigi_Pirex) here I am again with a new problem.
How can we tell if a vowel is short or long only by the rules given in #12 of the book (page 18 of pdf).
I’m guessing (D’Ooge doesn’t mention nothing about) that in words that end with a vowel, this last vowel can be short or long depending on the grammatical function (like the last “A” in aqua that is short for the Nominative case and long for the Ablative case).
I also know that for the verbs in the consonant conjugation in the infinitive the last “E” before “-RE” is short while for the verbs of the second conjugation it is long. So here we have to know before in what conjugation the verb it is.
But in the other situations how can we know the quantity of the vowel if it isn’t marked?
Given some examples from words of exercise #10 of the same page (I will mark long vowels with bold type):
1 – disce
Both vowels are short. Considering only the “I”, were there anyway to know that vowel is short?
Because the “I” don’t go with any of the rules given, how could we know?
If there aren’t anyway to tell, is there any propose in memorizing the #12 rules?
Here all vowels are short once more. There are reasons for all vowels except the first “A”. Once more is it possible to know that without had seen the word before with that indication?
In other subject, but related, how can I know if the combination of 2 vowels are a diphthong or not?
Thanks in advance for any help.