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JWW exercises, paragraphs 592, 593,594

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JWW exercises, paragraphs 592, 593,594

Postby Koala » Thu Sep 23, 2004 8:19 am

some suggested answers for lesson LXIII - all criticism welcome!

592
1. will he report this or will you stay?
2. you (are/were) the first to express your opinion
3. they all wondered at what the other Greeks might/would answer
4. we are at a loss (as to) whether we will burn the wagons we have
5. some of them he will kill, others he will throw out
6. they were deliberating whether they would kill the men or not
7. however I will not report immediately, but will delay
8. and Clearchus judged (the) striking of Menon’s soldier to be wrong
9. not one guide showed himself to us/appeared before us
10. Cyrus answered that he heard the satrap was at the Euphrates River
11. he was considering whether they would stay or to proceed to the tents
12. they say to strike and stone this man so that he might not/never-again proceed

Original indirect quotations & questions: (from # 3, 4, 6, 10, 11, 12)

[face=SPIonic]3 ti/ oi9 a1lloi73Ellhnej a0pokrinoi=nto;
4 kau/swmen ta\j a9ma/caj a4j e1xomen;
6 po/teron tou\j a1ndraj kteinw/meqa h2 mh/;
10 a0kou/w to\n satra/phn e0pi\ tw~| Eu0fra/th| ei]nai
11 po/teron mei/nwsin h2 poreu/wntai e0pi\ ta=j skhna/j;
12 pai/ete to\n a1nqrwpon tou=ton kai\ ba/llete
[/face]

593
[face=SPIonic]a. oi9 qeoi\ h9mi=n th\n o9do\n fainou=sin
b. e0ntau=qa o9 Ku=roj a0pe/kteinen a1ndra Pe/rshn
g. e0bouleu/eto o3 ti a0pokri/nhtai
d. h0po/roun ei0 fh/nwntai h2 mh/
e. e0ntau=qa e1menon h9me/raj e9pta\ kai\ th|= porei/a| e0pesiti/zonto
[/face]

594
On hearing this from Gaulities, Cyrus said, “But we have, fellow men, our ancestral province up to where men cannot live, towards the south due to heat, and towards the north due to the cold. All between these (limits) do the friends of my brother rule as satraps. If we shall conquer (these lands), we shall need to make our (own) friends masters over them.”
[face=Arial][/face]
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Postby Skylax » Sun Sep 26, 2004 8:43 pm

Some admiring criticism

592

2. [face=SPIonic]a)po/fhnai[/face] is a middle aorist imperative (< *apo-fan-sai) « Express… » ; « you express » would be [face=SPIonic]a)pofai/nh|[/face] ([face=SPIonic]a)pofai/nei[/face]), « you expressed » [face=SPIonic]a)pefh/nw[/face] (<*ap-e-fan-sa-so)
8. « and C., having jugded that Menon’s soldier was doing wrong, struck him » (« he judged » : [face=SPIonic]e)/krine[/face])
9. [face=SPIonic]fanei=tai[/face] is a future (<*fan-es-e-tai) « will appear »
12. « to stone » would translate an aorist (or possibly a present) infinitive, but definitely not a future infinitive, and a subject would be needed with the infinitives, e.g. [face=SPIonic]au)tou/j[/face], as it is different from the subject of the main clause, like in « he wanted them to strike… », so I think it is « they say that they will strike… if he will not proceed » (or corresponding correct English clause)

3. [face=SPIonic]a)pokrinou=ntai[/face] (future) to replace a future optative (recognizable from his accent) of the indirect discourse.
4. yes, but add maybe an [face=SPIonic]a)=ra[/face] to introduce the direct question ?
6. [face=SPIonic]ktei/nwmen[/face] (see JWW’s note #2 :) )
11. rather [face=SPIonic]me/nwsin[/face] a present subjunctive because of the present optative [face=SPIonic]me/noien[/face]
12. According to my preceding comment, I would say [face=SPIonic]paih/somen... kai\ balou=men[/face] (« we will strike and stone » as I think that the subject of [face=SPIonic]paih/sein[/face] is the same as the subject of [face=SPIonic]fasi[/face]

593 – ok !

594 – ok !!
(« conquer (these lands) » : I would say « win »)
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