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Goodwin's Greek Grammar

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Goodwin's Greek Grammar

Postby Thucydides » Mon May 03, 2004 11:10 am

Just aquired this b/c it was interesting and cheap. I've got a 1951 MacMillan edition.

Any particular strenghts/weakness/caveats for this book? So far it seems to lack any mention of abluat (e.g. when dicussing leipw/elipon style verbs)

Thucydides
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Postby annis » Mon May 03, 2004 1:02 pm

Goodwin is famous for his syntax, verbal in particular. I use Smyth nearly exclusively, but I'll still consult Goodwin when I need more examples for some syntax question.
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Postby Thucydides » Thu May 06, 2004 5:57 pm

What exactly is "verbal" syntax? I thought syntax was the arrangement of words in sentences and constructions?
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Postby PeterD » Thu May 06, 2004 7:07 pm

Hi Thucydides,

Syntax is the grammatical arrangement or form of words in sentences according to the established rules or usage in any language.

In the Greek language, the function of words -- syntax -- is not indicated by word order in a sentence per se. For example, whereas English uses word order to differentiate between the subject, direct object and indirect object , Greek uses different endings.

Similarly, a verb's mood basically indicates its function in the sentence. For example, a Greek verb in a purpose clause must be in the subjunctive(optative) mood if the verb in the principle clause is in the present (past) tense.

Take care,

PeterD
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Postby chad » Fri May 07, 2004 1:19 am

your post is right peter, but since we're talking about greek at a structural level i'd just qualify that last sentence

a Greek verb in a purpose clause must be in the subjunctive(optative) mood if the verb in the principle clause is in the present (past) tense.


unless you use:

[face=SPIonic]o3pwj[/face] + future indicative with precaution verbs
[face=SPIonic]i3na[/face] + past indicative for unfulfilled purpose
future participle
others which thompson gives in greek prose usage: infinitive, relative pronoun, genitive article + infinitive. :)
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