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Non...opponerentur

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Non...opponerentur

Postby pmda » Fri Jul 25, 2014 4:49 am

Ita maximo terrore perculsi Fidenates, prius paene quam Romulus equitesque qui cum eo erant circumagerent equos, terga verterunt [tergum vertere : fugere] atque oppidum repetebant. Non tamen a persequentibus se eripuere [eripuere = -erunt]: priusquam fores portarum opponerentur, Romani velut uno agmine in oppidum irruperunt.

The second sentence seems to be saying that despite fleeing their pursuers the Fidenates were unable to block the gates to their city before it was invaded by the Romans.

Now I find Orberg's punctuation (if my reading of the Latin is correct) somewhat strange. Because it seems to me that the sentence should be punctuated as follows:

Non, tamen a persequentibus se eripuere, priusquam fores portarum opponerentur, Romani velut uno agmine in oppidum irruperunt.

1) Why is he using a colon after eripuere?

2) Am I right in saying that the word Non governs opponerentur?

I am sometimes at a loss to understand Orberg's punctuation.
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Re: Non...opponerentur

Postby Shenoute » Fri Jul 25, 2014 8:12 am

Hi,

Punctuation is sometimes tricky but here I think it is fine. Your prosposition ("non governs opponerentur") makes the sentence really hard to translate : "nevertheless they saved themselves before the doors were not set against (the Romans), (...)".

1) because what follows the colon is the explanation of why what is described before happened. I'm not really confident in my latin writing but I'd say that instead of a colon, nam could maybe be used.
2) non applies to eripuere.

"Nevertheless (tamen) they did not (non) save themselves (se eripuere) from their pursuers (a persequentibus), for/because (:) before the doors were shut, the Romans rushed into the city like one troup."
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Re: Non...opponerentur

Postby pmda » Fri Jul 25, 2014 5:12 pm

Thans Shenoute
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