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Odyssey 6. 295-6

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Odyssey 6. 295-6

Postby huilen » Thu Apr 03, 2014 8:44 pm

ἔνθα καθεζόμενος μεῖναι χρόνον, εἰς ὅ κεν ἡμεῖς
ἄστυδε ἔλθωμεν καὶ ἱκώμεθα δώματα πατρός.

S&H says that χρόνον is adverbial (meaning "for a time"). I seem not to recall a noun used that way as an adverb: is it common in Homer? I would have say that χρόνον is a cognate accusative with μεῖναι ("wait a moment"): is anything wrong with this interpretation?

I understand what it means, but what does exactly ὅ in εἰς ὅ? Is it a neuter relative pronoun referring to the next sentence ("ἡμείς ἄστυδε ἔλθωμεν...")?
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Re: Odyssey 6. 295-6

Postby Qimmik » Thu Apr 03, 2014 9:18 pm

1. χρόνον:

This is Smyth's discussion of "free uses of the accusative" (i.e., without a preposition and not as an object of a verb):

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0007%3Apart%3D4%3Achapter%3D42%3Asection%3D97%3Asubsection%3D91

Look at the discussion of the ''adverbial accusative." As Smyth notes, an accusative without a preposition is often used to designate the time when, or within which, the action of the verb occurs.

What is traditionally termed the "cognate" accusative is usually a noun that is from the same root as the verb.

Smyth again:

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0007%3Apart%3D4%3Achapter%3D42%3Asection%3D97%3Asubsection%3D89

2. εἰς ὅ κεν:

ὅ is the neuter demonstrative (actually, the pronoun ὅς, ἥ, ὅ, which is a relative pronoun in later Greek but functions as a demonstrative in the Homeric poems). εἰς ὅ, "to that [time]", is equivalent to "until."

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Smyth+grammar+338&fromdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0007
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